Table 2

Comparison of demographics and sleep variables in women with and without EPDS scores ≥10
EPDS < 10 (n = 256) EPDS ≥ 10 (n = 106)
Age (years) 30.3 ± 5.8 29.5 ± 5.8
Pre-pregnancy BMI (kg/m2) 26.0 ± 6.6 29.1 ± 8.2**
Obesity (BMI ≥ 30;%) 22.0% 38.7%**
African American (%) 9.2% 18.3%*
High school or less (%) 20.6% 32.1%*
Married/partnered (%) 81.2% 59.2%**
Nulliparous (%) 36.1% 22.6%*
Pre-eclampsia (%) 5.2% 14.0%**
Diabetes Mellitus (%) 14.6% 15.0%
Smoker (%) 8.4% 25.0%**
Snoring (%) 26.2% 47.1%
Stopped breathing (%) 4.1% 3.8%
Mean Sleep Duration (hours) 8.7 ± 1.4 8.6 ± 1.8
Sleep duration ≤6 hours (%) 2.8% 7.3%
Sleep duration >10 hours (%) 13.3% 11.8%
Mean Sleep quality score 3.5 ± 1.2 4.1 ± 1.1**
Poor sleep quality (%) 67.8% 83.8%**

*p < 0.05; **p < 0.001.

BMI = Body Mass Index.

EPDS = Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale.

O’Brien et al.

O’Brien et al. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:113   doi:10.1186/1471-2393-13-113

Open Data