Table 4

The Odds Ratios (crude and adjusted) for having ≥8 pregnancy-related symptoms, n = 11 532
Type of violence and abuse ≥8 symptoms Crude OR Adjusted OR Model 1 Adjusted OR Model 2 Adjusted OR Model 3
n Crude OR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
Sexual violence
Mild 2 057 1.95 (1.85–2.06) 1.49 (1.41–1.58) 1.44 (1.37–1.53) 1.44 (1.36–1.53)
Moderate 595 2.57 (2.33–2.83) 1.66 (1.50–1.84) 1.61 (1.46–1.79) 1.60 (1.44–1.78)
Severe 859 3.09 (2.84–3.36) 1.78 (1.62–1.95) 1.68 (1.53–1.84) 1.64(1.49–1.81)
Adult physical violence 2 806 2.20 (2.10–2.31) 1.35 (1.28–1.43) 1.31 (1.24–1.38) 1.30 (1.22–1.37)
Child physical violence 1 255 2.57 (2-39–2.75) 1.31 (1.21–1.42) 1.27 (1.17–1.38) 1.22 (1.13–1.33)
Adult emotional abuse 3 200 2.28 (2.17–2.38) 1.74 (1.65–1.83) 1.68 (1.60–1.77) 1.48 (1.40–1.56)
Child emotional abuse 2 641 2.12 (2.02–2.23) 1.53 (1.45–1.62) 1.48 (1.40–1.57) 1.70 (1.62–1.80)

Comparison group is the group of women not reporting sexual violence.

Model 1: adjusted for age and other types of abuse.

Model 2: adjusted for age, other types of violence and abuse and mental distress.

Model 3: adjusted for age, other types of violence and abuse, mental distress, BMI, smoking and alcohol consumption and parity.

Lukasse et al.

Lukasse et al. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:83   doi:10.1186/1471-2393-12-83

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