Table 7

Associations between induction of labour and amniotic fluid embolism

Australia (NSW)

Canada

Netherlands

UK

US


Induction of labour


Induction of labour (all methods)

*

*

RR 5.6 (1.5-20.9)

aOR3.5 (1.9-6.7)

aOR 1.5 (0.9-2.3)


Specific methods of induction


Any medical induction of labour

RR 1.9 (0.8-4.9)

aOR 1.8 (1.3-2.7)

*


Surgical induction of labour/artificial rupture of membranes

RR 1.4 (0.6-3.5)

1.0 (0.6-1.8)

*

*

*


Vaginal prostaglandin (PG) E2 (induction)

RR 3.4 (1.3-9.0)

*

*

*

*


Any oxytocin

RR 0.8 (0.3-2.3)

*

*

*

*


Induction with both PG+oxytocin

RR 2.1 (0.5.-9.1)

*

*

*

*


RR = Relative Risk, aOR = adjusted Odds Ratio

Adjusted for age, parity, smoking status, socioeconomic status, ethnicity, bmi, multiple pregnancy, placenta praevia or abruption, labour induction and postdates

* No data or no accurate or limited data

Knight et al. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:7   doi:10.1186/1471-2393-12-7

Open Data