Table 1

Parental Socio-demographics and exposure to drugs of abuse during pregnancy

Mother's hair positive for cocaine and/or BEG (N = 9)

Mother's hair negative for any drug of abuse (N = 365)


Parental Nationality


Mother's nationality


Spanish

9 (100.0%)

298 (81.7%)


Non-Spanish

0 0%)

67 (18.2%)


Father's nationality


Spanish

9 (100.0%)

298 (81.7%)


Non-Spanish

0 (0%)

67 (18.2%)


Maternal age (years), mean (S.D.)

28.6 (6.0)

30.3 (5.3)


Mother's Educational Level


Unfinished elementary school

4 (44.4%)

85 (23.2%)


Employed mother (yes/no)


No

2 (22.2%)

110 (30.1%)


Mother's socioeconomic status


Managerial, professional & skilled (non-manual)

3 (33.3%)

101 (28.0%)


Skilled (manual) and partly skilled

5 (55.6%)

224 (61.3%)


Unskilled

1 (11.1%)

40 (10.9%)


Single Mother


Yes

0 (0%)

12 (3.3%)


Father's Educational Level


Unfinished elementary school

4 (44.4%)

120 (33.2%)


Employed father (yes/no)


No

0 (0%)

25 (7.0%)


Father's socioeconomic status


Managerial, professional & skilled (non-manual)

1 (11.1%)

101 (28.0%)


Skilled (manual) and partly skilled

7 (77.8%)

244 (66.9%)


Unskilled

1(11.1%)

20 (5.1%)


Habitat


Rural (< 10.000 inhab.)

1 (11.1%)

56 (15.3%)


Semi-rural (10 - 100.000 inhab.)

5 (55.6%)

127 (34.7%)


Urban (> 100.000 inhab.)

3 (33.3%)

182 (50.0%)


Maternal drug use at the visit


Past substance misuse, yes

5 (55.6%)**

47 (12.8%)


Cocaine use, yes

4 (44.4%)**

15 (4.2%)


Tobacco smoking


Mother

7 (77.8%)*

60 (16.3%)


Number of daily cigarettes, mean (S.D.)

6.5 (2.1)

7.2 (6.0)


Did you smoke before pregnancy?, yes

8 (88.8%)*

100 (27.3%)


Father

7 (77.8%)*

138 (37.9%)


Have been exposed to tobacco smoke during pregnancy?

4 (44.4%)

101 (28.0%)


Other smokers in the presence of the pregnant woman?

2 (22.2%)*

23 (6.3%)


Use of Antidepressants, yes

(11.1%)*

8 (2.2%)


Alcohol use, yes

1 (0%)

15 (4.2%)


** P < 0.005 respect control group

* P < 0.05 respect control group

Joya et al. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:2   doi:10.1186/1471-2393-12-2

Open Data