Table 2

Characteristics of women who experience poor mental health outcomes at 4 months postpartum
Independent variable Depression (EPDS ≥ 10) n(%) Anxiety (SSAI ≥ 40) n(%) High stress n(%) Low parenting morale n(%)
Yes (n = 177) No (n = 1170) Yes (n = 206) No (n = 1125) Yes (n = 229) No (n = 1115) Yes (n = 265) No (n = 1074)
Maternal Age
<25 yrs 19(11.0)* 89(7.7) 21(10.4) 85(7.7) 19(11.0) 80(7.3) 21(8.0) 87(8.2)
25–34 yrs 110(63.6) 863(74.6) 138(68.7) 827(74.4) 110(63.6) 826(75.2) 186(71.0) 779(73.6)
35+ yrs 44(25.4) 203(17.6) 42(20.9) 199(17.9) 44(25.4) 193(17.6) 55(21.0) 192(18.1)
Education
High school or less 24(13.6) 111(9.6) 22(10.7) 114(10.2) 38(16.7)* 100(9.0) 31(11.7) 106(9.9)
Completed degree or some post-Secondary 152(86.4) 1051(90.4) 183(89.3) 1003(89.8) 190(83.3)* 1007(91.0) 233(88.3) 960(90.1)
Household Income
<60,000 51(29.7)* 180(160) 59(29.8)* 170(15.7) 67(30.6)* 165(15.3) 62(24.1)* 170(16.5)
60,000+ 121(70.3)* 944(84.0) 139(70.2)* 912(84.3) 152(69.4)* 912(84.7) 195(75.9)* 861(83.5)
Marital Status
Married/common-law 159(90.3)* 1106(95.3) 184(90.2)* 1064(93.5) 208(91.2) 1053(93.3) 246(93.2) 1009(94.8)
Other 17(9.7)* 54(4.7) 20(9.8)* 52(4.7) 20(8.8) 52(4.7) 18(6.8) 55(5.2)
Ethnic Origin
White/Caucasian 125(71.0) 894(77.1) 150(73.5) 860(77.1) 166(72.8) 850(76.9) 210(79.5) 802(75.4)
Other 51(29.0) 266(22.9) 54(26.5) 256(22.9) 62(27.2) 255(23.1) 54(20.5) 262(24.6)
Born in Canada
Yes 128(72.7) 898(77.2) 159(77.6) 861(77.0) 170(74.6) 853(77.0) 205(77.7) 814(76.3)
No 48(27.3) 265(22.8) 26(22.4) 257(23.0) 58(25.4) 255(23.0) 59(22.3) 253(23.7)
History of Mental Health Problems 113(64.6)* 337(29.0)* 127(62.3)* 317(28.3)* 129(56.8)* 320(28.9)* 149(56.7)* 299(28.0)*
History of Alcohol or Drug Abuse 11(6.3) 32(2.7) 11(5.4) 33(2.9) 13(5.7) 30(2.7) 15(5.7) 29(2.7)
Low Optimism (below 20thpercentile of distribution) 43(28.7)* 121(12.7)* 57(33.7)* 106(11.5)* 63(33.0)* 102(11.2)* 62(27.1)* 101(11.6)*
Low Social Support 75(43.4)* 115(10.0)* 78(39.2)* 110(9.9)* 91(41.0)* 100(9.1)* 96(37.4)* 93(8.8)*
Low Energy 75(42.6)* 142(12.1)* 91(44.0)* 126(11.2)* 93(40.8)* 123(11.0)* 118(44.7)* 99(9.2)*

*significant at p < 0.01.

Malta et al.

Malta et al. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:153   doi:10.1186/1471-2393-12-153

Open Data