Table 3

Background characteristics of stillbirths by verbal autopsy interview status

Verbal autopsy interview

Chi-square

incomplete

complete

test

(n = 164)

(n = 1584)

p-value

N

(%)

N

(%)


Sex

Male

108

(65.9)

892

(56.3)

Female

55

(33.5)

678

(42.8)

Missing

1

(0.6)

14

(0.9)

0.063

Maternal age

14-19

2

(1.2)

34

(2.1)

20-24

33

(20.1)

345

(21.8)

25-29

44

(26.8)

434

(27.4)

30-34

38

(23.2)

343

(21.7)

35-39

31

(18.9)

286

(18.1)

40-44

11

(6.7)

109

(6.9)

45+

5

(3.0)

33

(2.1)

0.946

Maternal education

None

86

(52.4)

755

(47.7)

Primary incomplete

19

(11.6)

170

(10.7)

Primary complete

28

(17.1)

308

(19.4)

Secondary+

31

(18.9)

351

(22.2)

0.581

Interval between VA interview and end of pregnancy (months)

0-11

24

(14.6)

289

(18.2)

12-23

47

(28.7)

445

(28.1)

24-35

52

(31.7)

530

(33.5)

36-44

41

(25.0)

320

(20.2)

0.408

Plurality

Singleton

1,469

(92.7)

Multiple births

115

(7.3)

Delivery place

Home

1,253

(79.1)

Facility

312

(19.7)

On the way to a facility

9

(0.6)

Other

10

(0.6)

Delivery attendant

None

175

(11.0)

Family/Relatives

167

(10.5)

Doctor

187

(11.8)

Nurse/midwife

135

(8.5)

Other health personnel*

24

(1.5)

Traditional birth attendant †

878

(55.4)

Quack

8

(0.5)

Other

10

(0.6)

Delivery mode

Vaginal delivery without assistance

1,019

(64.3)

Vaginal delivery with manual assistance

439

(27.7)

Vaginal delivery with vacuum/forceps

20

(1.3)

cesarean section after failure of instrument

56

(3.5)

cesarean section

50

(3.2)


Delivery characteristics are available for those who completed the verbal autopsy interview only.

*Including paramedics, family welfare visitors, health assistants, and family welfare assistants.

†Including both trained and untrained traditional birth attendants

Baqui et al. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:25   doi:10.1186/1471-2393-11-25

Open Data