Table 1

Verbal autopsy case definitions for selected causes of antepartum and intrapartum stillbirths

Timing of stillbirth

Cause

Case definitions applied in verbal autopsy data


Antepartum ('skin and tissue was pulpy' or 'baby stopped moving before labor')

Congenital abnormality

very small head/no brain at the time of birth; OR mass or defect on the back of the head or spine

Maternal hemorrhage

vaginal bleeding during pregnancy

Maternal hypertensive disorders

convulsion; OR hypertension during pregnancy diagnosed by a health worker*

Maternal infections

fever during delivery; OR green/brown color or foul smelling amniotic fluid

Maternal severe anemia

severe anemia during pregnancy†

Intrapartum (Neither 'skin and tissue was pulpy' nor 'baby stopped moving before labor')

Congenital abnormality

very small head/no brain at the time of birth; OR mass or defect on the back of the head or spine

Intrapartum hypoxia

breech presentation; hand/feet delivered first; cord delivered first; obstructed labor; prolonged labor, OR vaginal bleeding during pregnancy

Preterm labour

Gestational age < 8 months

Maternal hypertensive disorders

convulsion; OR hypertension during pregnancy diagnosed by a health worker*

Maternal intrapartum infections

fever during delivery; OR green/brown color or foul smelling amniotic fluid


*Reported history of having the diagnosis by a health worker

†Reported, which may or may not be based on clinical diagnosis by health workers

Baqui et al. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:25   doi:10.1186/1471-2393-11-25

Open Data