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Open Access Highly Accessed Research article

Co-morbidities of vertiginous diseases

Jan C Warninghoff, Otmar Bayer, Uta Ferrari and Andreas Straube*

Author Affiliations

Department of Neurology, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität Munich, Klinikum Großhadern, Marchioninistrasse 15, 81377 Munich, Germany

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BMC Neurology 2009, 9:29  doi:10.1186/1471-2377-9-29

Published: 7 July 2009

Abstract

Background

Co-morbidities of vertiginous diseases have so far not been investigated systematically. Thus, it is still unclear whether the different vertigo syndromes (e.g. benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), Meniere's disease (MD), vestibular migraine and phobic vertigo (PPV)) have also different spectrums of co-morbidities.

Methods

All patients from a cohort of 131 participants were surveyed using a standardised questionnaire about the co-morbidities hypertension, diabetes mellitus, BMI (body mass index), migraine, other headache, and psychiatric diseases in general and the likelihood of a depression in particular.

Results

We noted hypertension in 29.0% of the cohort, diabetes mellitus in 6.1%, migraine in 8.4%, other headache in 32.1%, psychiatric diseases in 16.0%, overweight and obesity in 33.6% and 13.7% respectively, as well as a clinical indication for depression in 15.9%.

Conclusion

In general, we did not detect an increased prevalence of the co-morbidities diabetes mellitus, arterial hypertension, migraine, other headache and obesity compared to the general population. There was an increased prevalence of psychiatric co-morbidity in patients with PPV, and the prevalence of hypertension was elevated in patients with MD.