Table 3

Main Findings of Pontine Infarction Patients with PMH or Hemiplegia

Study

No. of patients

main clinical findings

risk factors

time and finding of CT scan

time and finding of MRI

MRA

outcome


Nighoghossian et al.[8] (1993)

6

PMH,

hypertension, gait ataxia, vertigo smoking, DM

36h(8–72h) after the stroke, CT(-)

20d(12–27d) after the stroke, MRI(+)

yes

the rate of disability is 86%

Kim et al. [6] (1995)

17

PMH, dysarthria, distinct lingual paresis

hypertension

not provided

not provided

two of them had occlusion of ICA

Not provided

Heo et al. (1996) [4]

1

PMH,

not provided

3d after stroke, CT(+)

1.5 month after stroke, MRI(+)

yes

Not provided

Kumral et al. [7] (2002)

39

PMH, dysarthria, ataxia

hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, DM, smoking

not provided

7d within the stroke

7d within the stroke

Good

Our study

12

PMH or hemiplegia, Nonvertiginous dizziness

DM

within 6 h after the stroke CT(-)

within 72 h after the stroke MRI(+)

within 72 h after the stroke

good


CT: computed tomographic; DM: diabetes mellitus, PMH: pure motor hemiparesis; MRI: magnetic resonance imaging; MRA: magnetic resonance angiography.

Ling et al. BMC Neurology 2009 9:25   doi:10.1186/1471-2377-9-25

Open Data