Multiple Causes for Delay in Arrival at Hospital in Acute Stroke Patients in Aydin, Turkey
1 Asist. Prof. Dr., Department of Medical Nursing, Adnan Menderes University, School of Health Aydin, Turkey
2 Department of Fundamentals of Nursing, Adnan Menderes University, School of Health Aydin, Turkey
3 Asist. Prof. Dr., Department of Public Health, Adnan Menderes University, School of Medicine Aydin, Turkey
BMC Neurology 2008, 8:15 doi:10.1186/1471-2377-8-15Published: 13 May 2008
This descriptive, hospital-based study, performed in western Turkey, was designed to assess the level of pre-hospital delay and reasons for such delay in acute stroke patients, taking into consideration certain factors such as socioeconomic status, availability of transport options at onset of symptoms. Data were collected from hospital records, and a questionnaire was administered that included questions about socio-demographics, self-reported risk factors and questions related to hospital arrival. The rate of patients arriving at the hospital more than 3 hours after symptom onset was found to be 31.6% for this study. Approximately 1/3 of patients delayed going to the hospital because they were waiting for symptoms to go away while 1/3 of patients were not aware of the importance of seeking immediate medical help. There was a significant relationship between the use of ambulance transportation and length of time before arrival at the hospitals, though there was no statistically significantly relationship between the existence of stroke risk factors and hospital arrival delay. These results will likely be helpful to health care decision makers as they develop a model for stroke health care and community based training.