Table 1

Description of the two populations: demographic characteristics, triggering factors, initial injuries and outcome
Our series (n = 16) Literature (n = 19)
Sex-ratio 11 M/5 W 8 M/ 11 W
Average age 43 years (25 à 59 years) 48,1 years (18 à 71 years)
Triggering factors Traumatic 16 100.0% Traumatic 14 74%
Non traumatic 0 0% Non traumatic 5 26%
Initial injury Contusion/sprain 2 13% Contusion/sprain 6 32%
Fracture/dislocation 5 31% Fracture/dislocation 4 21%
Tendinous injury 4 25% Tendinous injury 0 0%
Superficial wounds 0 0% Superficial Wounds 4 21%
Complex injury* 2 13% Complex injury* 0 0%
Others 3 19% Others 5 27%
Diagnosis extension (days) Average 207 Average 81 (n = 15)
Median 149 Median Unavailable
Mean number of sick leave days compensate Before admission (n = 16) 202 (62 à 501) Unavailable
After discharge (n = 14) 463 (13 à 1147)
Outcome at the maximal endpoint Change of work 3 19% Complete recovery (12 to 16 months average = 6 months) 8 42%
Our series n = 15 Return to same work 4 25% Incomplete improvement 6 32%
Literature n = 16 (6 to 12 months average = 8 months)
No activity (unemployment, social security …) 8 50% Permanent disability 2 10%
Lost to follow up 1 6% unavailable 3 16%
Invalidity pension (Severe brain injury) 1

* Complex injury: injury of bone + soft tissues + nerve and/or vessels.

Konzelmann et al.

Konzelmann et al. BMC Neurology 2013 13:28   doi:10.1186/1471-2377-13-28

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