Table 2

Summary of healthcare resource utilization by T25FW category and patient self-reported WMP presence and severity
Resource (mean [SD] use in last 12 months) Patient-self-reported presence and severity of WMPs T25FW (seconds)
None Mild Moderate Severe P-value no WMPs vs any WMPs <10.99 11–20.99 >21 P-value across groups
ER visits 0.23 [0.61] 0.24 [0.63] 0.21 [0.68] 0.45 [1.09] 0.014 0.32 [0.53] 0.15 [0.41] 0.31 [0.59] 0.1592
Physician visits
Responding neurologist 3.23 [2.55] 3.93 [4.51] 3.76 [3.58] 4.13 [6.39] 0.003 5.07 [9.76] 3.68 [3.86] 3.60 [2.36] 0.3694
Primary care provider 1.71 [2.62] 2.01 [3.97] 1.86 [3.11] 2.86 [4.23] < 0.0001 1.37 [2.20] 2.84 [4.33] 3.13 [3.12] 0.0044
Other neurologist 0.59 [1.09] 0.51 [1.11] 0.81 [1.91] 0.80 [1.38] 0.0045 0.80 [1.14] 0.61 [0.96] 0.54 [0.94] 0.3341
MS specialist 0.30 [1.09] 0.26 [0.75] 0.36 [1.24] 0.52 [1.59] 0.0633 0.75 [1.18] 0.47 [0.95] 0.42 [1.00] 0.1718
MS nurse 0.36 [2.05] 0.42 [1.99] 0.45 [1.91] 0.42 [1.83] 0.8858 0.33 [0.74] 0.47 [1.26] 0.35 [1.12] 0.7124
Internist 0.06 [0.40] 0.09 [0.52] 0.08 [0.42] 0.23 [1.11] 0.0006 0.27 [0.98] 0.11 [0.67] 0.10 [0.50] 0.3628
ER physician 0.03 [0.36] 0.29 [3.11] 0.05 [0.58] 0.05 [0.34] 0.0116 0.01 [0.12] 0.02 [0.13] 0.00 [0.00] 0.6577
Physiotherapist 1.97 [10.45] 4.74 [15.54] 6.88 [18.35] 9.89 25.52] < 0.0001 3.63 [14.57] 10.26 [31.77] 6.04 [15.82] 0.22
Ophthalmologist 0.19 [0.58] 0.21 [0.82] 0.10 [0.42] 0.15 [0.57] 0.0579 0.23 [0.65] 0.21 [0.65] 0.10 [0.36] 0.4269
Urologist 0.12 [0.47] 0.18 [0.85] 0.30 [0.86] 0.57 [1.37] < 0.0001 0.12 [0.54] 0.18 [0.43] 0.50 [1.00] 0.006
Gastroenterologist 0.01 [0.13] 0.03 [0.49] 0.02 [0.15] 0.03 [0.19] 0.3492 0.01 [0.12] 0.04 [0.19] 0.08 [0.33] 0.2716
Psychiatrist 0.19 [1.65] 0.28 [1.70] 0.28 [1.27] 0.69 [4.05] 0.0595 0.35 [1.79] 0.25 [0.63] 0.42 [1.23] 0.7918
Other physician 0.04 [0.31] 0.28 [3.19] 0.10 [0.51] 0.17 [0.70] 0.0222 0.05 [0.28] 0.04 [0.19] 0.08 [0.44] 0.7806
Occupational therapist 0.01 [0.22] 0.06 [0.51] 0.20 [1.09] 1.11 [2.47] < 0.0001 0.09 [0.66] 0.00 [0.00] 0.77 [2.11] 0.0104
Hospital visits due to MS in last 12 months 0.93 [1.26] 1.11 [1.55] 1.17 [1.64] 1.76 [2.72] < 0.0001 1.04 [0.81] 0.93 [1.28] 0.70 [0.74] 0.1561
Number of long-term non-DMDs 0.54 [0.78] 0.82 [0.92] 1.23 [1.12] 1.72 [1.18] <0.0001 0.57 [0.76] 1.21 [0.86] 1.12 [1.02] 0.0001

DMDs, disease-modifying drugs; ER, Emergency Room; MS, multiple sclerosis; SD, standard deviation; T25FW, timed 25-foot walk test; WMPs, walking and mobility problems.

Pike et al.

Pike et al. BMC Neurology 2012 12:94   doi:10.1186/1471-2377-12-94

Open Data