Table 2

Age-adjusted means (± SE)aand distribution of variables (%) according to the cognitive function
Variables Men (n = 3,129) Women (n = 3,775)
Cognitive function Cognitive function
Lowered (n = 645) Normal (n = 2,484) Lowered (n = 444) Normal (n = 3,331)
Age, years 61.0 ± 0.3 60.4 ± 0.15 60.4 ± 0.35 60.3 ± 0.13
Deprivationa, score 4.76 ± 0.02 4.79 ± 0.01 4.51 ± 0.03 4.59 ± 0.01*
Crowdinga, absolute number 2.69 ± 0.05 2.69 ± 0.02 2.35 ± 0.06 2.36 ± 0.02
Systolic blood pressurea, mm Hg 148.3 ± 0.84 146.1 ± 0.43* 138.1 ± 0.97 137.2 ± 0.35
Diastolic blood pressurea, mm Hg 93.8 ± 0.5 92.7 ± 0.25* 88.7 ± 0.56 88.3 ± 0.2
Total cholesterola, mmol/L 5.73 ± 0.02 5.78 ± 0.02 6.07 ± 0.05 6.13 ± 0.02
HDL cholesterola, mmol/L 1.39 ± 0.02 1.4 ± 0.01 1.52 ± 0.02 1.58 ± 0.01**
LDL cholesterola, mmol/L 3.65 ± 0.04 3.71 ± 0.02 3.86 ± 0.05 3.89 ± 0.02
Triglyceridea, mmolL 1.53 ± 0.04 1.47 ± 0.02 1.54 ± 0.04 1.45 ± 0.02*
Fasting blood glucosea, mmol/L 5.77 ± 0.05 5.84 ± 0.03 5.94 ± 0.06 5.84 ± 0.02
Body mass indexa, kg/m2 28.6 ± 0.18 28.5 ± 0.09 30.2 ± 0.27 30.1 ± 0.10
Physical activity in leisure timea, hours/week 16.4 ± 0.49 17.7 ± 0.25* 18.1 ± 0.56 20.1 ± 0.2*
Absolute alcohol a, drinks/week 57.6 ± 4.6 56.6 ± 2.31 14.6 ± 1.41 17.8 ± 0.51*
Ischemic heart disease (%) χ2 = 12.7; p < 0.001 χ2 = 0.21; p > 0.05
 Yes 22.9 16.9 20.5 19.6
 No 77.1 83.1 79.5 80.4
Stroke (%) χ2 = 42.1; p < 0.001 χ2 = 26.5; p < 0.001
 Yes 9.0 3.1 8.2 3.2
 No 91.0 96.9 91.8 99.8
Diabetes mellitus (%) χ2 = 0.02; p > 0.05 χ2 = 0.61, p > 0.05
 Yes 8.8 8.6 10.4 9.2
 No 91.2 91.4 89.6 90.8
Metabolic syndrome (%) χ2 = 0.00; p > 0.05 χ2 = 3.5; p > 0.05
 Yes 29.3 29.4 43.2 38.5
 No 70.7 70.6 56.8 61.5
Arterial hypertension (%) χ2 = 0.69; p > 0.05 χ2 = 0.83; p > 0.05
 Yes 75.3 73.7 56.8 61.5
 No 24.7 26.3 43.2 38.5
Body mass index, (%) χ2 = 3.44; p > 0.05 χ2 = 3.92; p > 0.05
 <18.5 kg/m2 0.5 0.2 0.5 0.3
 18.5- 24.99 kg/m2 21.4 21.9 18.7 19.0
 25.0-29.9 kg/m2 41.7 44.6 31.5 35.7
 > = 30.0 kg/m2 36.4 33.3 49.3 45.0
Smoking habits (%) χ2 = 0.33; p > 0.05 χ2 = 0.71; p > 0.05
 Smokers 30.4 30.6 11.0 9.7
 Former smokers 30.1 31.1 7.1 7.3
 Never smokers 39.5 38.3 81.9 83.0
Marital status (%) χ2 = 8.32; p > 0.05 χ2 = 5.86; p > 0.05
 Single 1.4 2.0 7.3 5.4
 Married 80.7 84.3 52.2 56.9
 Cohabiting 2.4 1.4 0.5 0.9
 Divorced 9.2 7.2 17.6 15.9
 Widowed 6.3 5.1 22.4 20.9
Quality of life (%) χ2 = 14.4; p < 0.01 χ2 = 37.3; p < 0.001
 Very poor and poor 5.5 2.9 10.4 4.0
 Average 49.2 47.1 51.1 50.2
 Good 43.1 48.2 37.1 44.5
 Very good 2.2 1.8 1.4 1.3
Self-rated health (%) χ2 = 23.6; p < 0.001 χ2 = 17.6; p < 0.001
 Very good and good 26.8 34.4 16.9 21.5
 Average 57.5 55.6 58.7 61.8
 Poor and very poor 15.7 10.0 24.4 16.7
Depression scale score (%) χ2 = 7.28; p < 0.01 χ2 = 12.8; p < 0.001
 > = 4 18.9 14.5 37.0 28.7
 <4 81.1 85.5 63.0 71.3

a age-adjusted means and standard errors.

SE – standard error.

HDL – high density lipoprotein.

LDL – low density lipoprotein.

* p < 0.05; ** p < 0.01; as compared to lowered cognitive function group (means were compared using t test).

Tamosiunas et al.

Tamosiunas et al. BMC Neurology 2012 12:149   doi:10.1186/1471-2377-12-149

Open Data