Table 1

Baseline characteristics of the subjects
Characteristic Exercise (n=25) Control (n=25)
Age, mean ± SD, y 75.3 ± 7.5 76.8 ± 6.8
Men, No. (%), n 13 (52.0) 14 (56.0)
Educational level, mean ± SD, y 11.1 ± 2.4 10.8 ± 2.7
Blood pressure, mean ± SD, mmHg
 Diastolic 77.3 ± 11.1 74.3 ± 10.1
 Systolic 152.2 ± 21.0 143.7 ± 21.3
Diagnosis, No. (%), n
 Hyper tension (1*) 13 (52.0) 11 (44.0)
 Heart disease (1*) 2 (8.0) 0 (0)
 Diabetes Mellitus 5 (20.0) 3 (12.0)
 Medication, 3 and over 10 (40.0) 11 (44.0)
Blood test, mean ± SD
 Total cholesterol, mg/dL 212.6 ± 36.9 202.8 ± 32.2
 Triglyceride, mg/dL 146.8 ± 73.7 130.4 ± 112.3
 Glucose, mg/dL 116.3 ± 27.1 110.4 ± 23.4
 HA1c, % 5.6 ± 0.6 5.4 ± 0.5
Cognitive functions, mean ± SD
 MMSE, score 26.8 ± 1.8 26.6 ± 1.6
 WMS-LM I, score 12.5 ± 5.9 12.0 ± 4.9
 WMS-LM II, score 8.2 ± 5.4 6.9 ± 5.0
 DSC, s 47.5 ± 15.4 44.3 ± 16.3
 LVFT, score 16.0 ± 5.3 16.9 ± 6.0
 CVFT, score 33.1 ± 6.9 31.2 ± 7.7
 SCWT-I, s 22.6 ± 9.7 23.4 ± 11.1
 SCWT-III, s 42.0 ± 13.7 41.5 ± 17.7
TMIG index, mean ± SD, score
 IADL 5.0 ± 0.2 4.9 ± 0.3
 Intellectual activity 3.8 ± 0.4 3.8 ± 0.4
 Social role 3.6 ± 0.9 3.6 ± 0.8
 Total 12.3 ± 1.1 12.3 ± 0.9
GDS, mean ± SD, score 3.0 ± 2.1 2.6 ± 2.0

SD; standard deviation, MMSE; mini-mental state examination, WMS-LM II; Logical Memory II subtest of the Wechsler memory scale-revised, LVFT; letter verbal fluency test, CVFT; category verbal fluency test, DSC; digit-symbol cording, SCWT; Stroop Color and Word Test, TMIG index; Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology index, GDS; Geriatric Depression Scale. * missing value.

Suzuki et al.

Suzuki et al. BMC Neurology 2012 12:128   doi:10.1186/1471-2377-12-128

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