Table 2

Training progression
Training principles and objectives Week Balance components Multi-task
A Introduction of performance of each balance component separately and emphasizing quality of performance to accomplish familiarity and task-specific motor learning. 1 Motor agility/stability limits
2 Sensory integration/APAs
B Improvement of balance performance and strategies of attention in varying balance conditions through increased level of difficulty and task variation for each balance component separately, and by using multi-tasking (i.e. cognitive or motor secondary task). 3 Motor agility/stability limits C-DT
4 Sensory integration/APAs M-DT
5 Motor agility/stability limits C-DT
6 Sensory integration/APAs M-DT
C Further challenging of movement complexity through increased levels of difficulty, task variation by successively integrating the balance components, and increasing demands of multi-tasking (i.e. cognitive and motor secondary tasks are performed simultaneously). 7 Sensory integration/APAs/motor agility/stability limits C + M-DT
8 Sensory integration/APAs/motor agility/stability limits C + M-DT
9 Sensory integration/APAs/motor agility/stability limits C + M-DT
10 Sensory integration/APAs/motor agility/stability limits C + M-DT

The balance program divided into three blocks (Blocks A-C), with training principles and objectives for each block.

APAs = anticipatory postural adjustments; C-DT = cognitive dual-task training; M-DT = motor dual-task training; C + M-DT = mixed cognitive and motor dual-task training.

Conradsson et al.

Conradsson et al. BMC Neurology 2012 12:111   doi:10.1186/1471-2377-12-111

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