SMARCB1/INI1 germline mutations contribute to 10% of sporadic schwannomatosis
1 Neuropediatrics Department, Children Hospital, Montreal, Canada
2 Laboratory of Molecular Oncogenetics, Institut Paoli-Calmettes; Marseille, France
3 Université La Méditerranée; Marseille, France
4 Centre de Recherche en Cancérologie de Marseille, Institut Paoli-Calmettes, 232 boulevard Sainte-Marguerite, 13009 Marseille, France
BMC Neurology 2011, 11:9 doi:10.1186/1471-2377-11-9Published: 24 January 2011
Schwannomatosis is a disease characterized by multiple non-vestibular schwannomas. Although biallelic NF2 mutations are found in schwannomas, no germ line event is detected in schwannomatosis patients. In contrast, germline mutations of the SMARCB1 (INI1) tumor suppressor gene were described in familial and sporadic schwannomatosis patients.
To delineate the SMARCB1 gene contribution, the nine coding exons were sequenced in a series of 56 patients affected with a variable number of non-vestibular schwannomas.
Nine variants scattered along the sequence of SMARCB1 were identified. Five of them were classified as deleterious. All five patients carrying a SMARCB1 mutation had more multiple schwannomas, corresponding to 10.2% of patients with schwannomatosis. They were also diagnosed before 35 years of age.
These results suggest that patients with schwannomas have a significant probability of carrying a SMARCB1 mutation. Combined with data available from other studies, they confirm the clinical indications for genetic screening of the SMARCB1 gene.