Table 2

Demographic and clinical characteristics among infarct pattern groups

DWI lesion patterns

P


Territory

n = 46 (19.9%)

Lobar/Deep

n = 118 (51.1%)

Small scattered

n = 67 (29.0%)

(Territory vs. others)


NIHSS score on admission

16.3 ± 6.3

9.6 ± 6.1

4.1 ± 4.2

< 0.001

Vascular risk factors

Age

68.3 ± .12.4

71.6 ± 11.4

69.3 ± 9.3

0.324

Male gender

29(63.0%)

57(48.3%)

32(47.8%)

0.070

Hypertension

28(60.9%)

84(71.2%)

48(71.6%)

0.733

Diabetes

10(21.7%)

20(16.9%)

14(20.9%)

0.603

Previous TIA/stroke

13(28.3%)

25(21.2%)

21(31.3%)

0.636

CHADS2*score

0.684

0-1

21(45.7%)

51(43.2%)

30(44.8%)

2-3

18(39.1%)

55(46.6%)

28(41.8%)

4-5

7(15.2%)

12(10.2%)

9(13.4%)

Dysrhythmia

Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation

15(32.6%)

44(37.3%)

23(34.3%)

0.647

Concomitant valvular heart disease

5(11.1%)

14(12.0%)

5(7.5%)

0.878

Heart rate (/min)

84.2 ± 25.1

84.2 ± 21.0

79.8 ± 19.9

0.501

Medications prior to onset

Antiplatelet agents user

15(32.6%)

45(39.1%)

31(47.0%)

0.246

Warfarin user

8(17.4%)

12(10.2%)

8(11.9.%)

0.221

Laboratory findings

D-dimer, mg/dL

2.37 ± 3.76

1.89 ± 3.19

1.29 ± 2.03

0.105

Fibrinogen, mg/dL

340.72 ± 100.6

324.5 ± 88.0

319.4 ± 77.7

0.230

C-reactive protein, mg/dL

0.84 ± 1.14

0.93 ± 2.22

0.87 ± 2.41

0.041

Prothrombin Time, INR

1.08 ± 0.11

1.07 ± 0.12

1.08 ± 0.10

0.667

Transthoracic echocardiogram finding

Left ventricular ejection fraction, %

55.6 ± 16.3

60.0 ± 10.2

61.1 ± 11.1

0.008

Left atrium size, ml

47.2 ± 7.5

47.8 ± 9.2

46.4 ± 8.1

0.991

E/e' ratio

14.53 ± 10.21

15.11 ± 9.00

13.71. ± 6.16

0.478

DT, ms

237.4 ± 131.9

215.9 ± 118.9

244.8 ± 163.3

0.317


*In CHADS2, S indicates prior stroke or transient ischemic attack

Oh et al. BMC Neurology 2011 11:107   doi:10.1186/1471-2377-11-107

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