Migraine headaches among university students using id migraine test as a screening tool
- Equal contributors
1 Trakya University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Family Medicine, Edirne, Turkey
2 Trakya University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neurology, Edirne, Turkey
3 Ministry of Health, Edirne State Hospital, Department of Psychiatry, Edirne, Turkey
BMC Neurology 2011, 11:103 doi:10.1186/1471-2377-11-103Published: 19 August 2011
Migraine is a significant health problem, especially for the young people, due to its frequency and accompanying morbidity, causing disability and loss of performance. In this study, our aim was to determine the prevalence of migraine headaches among university students in Edirne, a Turkish city.
In this cross-sectional and descriptive study, study population was composed of students registered to Trakya University in the academic year of 2008-2009. Out of these, 3694 of them accepted to participate. Participants who had two or more headaches in the last 3 months formed the headache group. Afterwards, two preliminary questions were applied to the headache group and participants with at least one affirmative response were asked to perform the validated ID-Migraine™ test.
The mean age of 3694 students participated in the study was 19.23 ± 1.84 (17-39 years), with adolescents:adult ratio being 2.5:1. 1613 students (43.7%) did have at least two headaches in the last three months. Migraine-type headache was detected in 266 subjects (7.2%) based on the ID-Migraine™ test. Of the migraine group, 72 were male (27.1%) and 194 were female (72.9%). There was no significant difference in migraine prevalence between adolescent and adult age groups.
With a prevalence similar to adults, primary care physicians should be aware of the probability of migraine headaches in university students in order to maintain a successful school performance.