Table 1

Demographic data of previously-reported cases of cocaine-induced renal infarction.

Characteristics

Wohlman [11]

Antonovych [13]

Kramer [12]

Goodman [14]

Saleem [15]

Edmondson [16]

Mochizuki [17]


Age (s)

32

39, 26

37

37

25

40

52

Sex

Male

Males

Male

Male

Male

Male

Female

Route

IV

NR

NR

IN

IN

NR

IN

Time of Onset

2 hours

NR

2–3 hours

2 hours

4 days

1 day

NR

Kidney Affected

Right

NR

Right

Right

Right

Right

Left

WBC (× 103/μl)

14

NR

23 (8% bands)

16 (90% PMN)

12.3 (76% PMN)

NR

19.3

Serum LDH (U/L)

368 to 1860

NR

2103

NR

351

NR

2100

Serum Cr (mg/dL)

1.2

NR

1.7

0.9

NR

1.3

0.9

Urinanalysis

5–10 RBC

NR

trace protein

3+ ketones

2+ blood

3–4 WBC/hpf

1–2 RBC/hpf

30 protein

80 ketones

1–5 WBC/hpf

5–10 RBC/hpf

2+ blood

2 WBC/hpf

5–10 RBC/hpf

0 RBC/hpf

trace protein

large blood

3 WBC/hpf

1 RBC/hpf

Treatment

heparin & coumadin

nephrectomy

urokinase, heparin & coumadin

none

aspirin

heparin & coumadin

heparin, antibiotics & coumadin

Co-existing Conditions

NR

NR

DM, Protein C deficiency

NR

NR

Renal artery dissection

Aortic thrombosis


WBC (White Blood Cell; cells × 103/ul = cells × 109/ul); RBC (Red Blood Cell); hpf (High Power Field); LDH (Lactate Dehydrogenase); PMN (Polymorphonuclear Cells); N/R (Not Reported); IV (Intravenous); IN (Intra-nasal); DM (Diabetes Mellitus); Serum Cr (Serum Creatinine; 1 mg/dL = 88.4 umol/L)

Bemanian et al. BMC Nephrology 2005 6:10   doi:10.1186/1471-2369-6-10

Open Data