Table 2

Relationship between demographic data, disease characteristics and depression risk (n= 270)
Variables Depress (n = 61) Non-depress (n = 209) t/χ2 p
Demographic data
Age (Mean ± SD) (years) 65.70 ± 12.37 63.87 ± 14.78 0.95 0.34
Gender
  Male 30(49.2) 135(64.6) 4.72 0.03
  Female 31(50.8) 74(35.4)
Marital status
  Single 8(13.1) 11(5.3) 4.45 0.04
  Married (or divorced) 53(86.9) 198(94.7)
Educational level
  Low (<12th grade) 45(73.8) 157(75.1) 0.05 0.83
  High (≥ 12th grade) 16(26.2) 52(24.9)
Job
  Employed 11(82.0) 62(29.7) 3.24 0.07
  Unemployed 50(18.0) 147(70.3)
Living status
  Living alone 10(16.4) 14(6.7) 5.48 0.02
  Cohabitating 51(83.6) 195(93.3)
Religious beliefs
  Yes 45(73.8) 183(87.6) 6.83 0.01
  No 16(26.2) 26(12.4)
Sleep disturbance
  Yes 48(78.7) 122(41.6) 8.36 <0.01
  No 13(21.3) 87(58.4)
Alcohol drinking
  Low(≤1 times/week) 55(90.2) 199(95.2) 2.16 0.14
  High(≥2 times/week) 6(9.8) 10(4.8)
Cigarette smoking
  Yes 21(34.4) 90(43.1) 1.46 0.23
  No 40(65.6) 119(56.9)
Regular exercise
  Yes 32(52.5) 142(67.9) 4.94 0.03
  No 29(47.5) 67(32.1)
Disease characteristics
  Disease duration (Mean ± SD) (years) 4.04 ± 3.26 3.38 ± 2.70 -1.44 0.15
CKD stage
  Stage III and below 16(26.2) 90(43.1) 5.61 0.02
  Stage IVand above 45(73.8) 119(56.9)
Other Chronic diseases
  ≤1 16(26.2) 77(36.8) 2.36 0.13
  ≥2 45(73.8) 132(63.2)
Hemoglobin (g/dl) 10.71 ± 2.03 11.18 ± 2.02 1.60 0.11
Creatine(mg/dl) 5.40 ± 3.82 4.95 ± 4.28 -0.5 0.60
Albumin(g/dl) 3.50 ± 0.62 3.51 ± 0.48 0.04 0.97

Chiang et al.

Chiang et al. BMC Nephrology 2013 14:78   doi:10.1186/1471-2369-14-78

Open Data