Table 1

Demographic and disease characteristics of participants (n= 270)
Variables M ( SD ) n (%)
Demographic data
Age (years) 64.5 ± 12.13
Gender
  Male 165(61.1)
  Female 105(38.9)
Marital status
  Single 19(7.0)
  Married (or divorced) 251(93.0)
Educational level
  Low (< 12th grade) 202(74.8)
  High (≥ 12th grade) 68(25.2)
Job
  Employed 73(27.0)
  Unemployed 197(73.0)
Living status
  Living alone 24(8.9)
  Cohabitating 246(91.1)
Religious beliefs
  Yes 228(84.4)
  No 42(15.6)
Sleep disturbance
  Yes 170(63.0)
  No 100(37.0)
Alcohol drinking
  Low(≤1 times/week) 254(94.1)
  High(≥2 times/week) 16(5.9)
Cigarette smoking
  Yes 111(41.1)
  No 159(58.9)
Regular exercise
  Yes 173(64.1)
  No 97(35.9)
Disease characteristics
Disease duration (years) 3.53 ± 2.85
CKD stage
Stage III and below 106(39.3)
Stage IVand above 164(60.7)
Other Chronic diseases
  ≤1 93(34.4)
  ≥2 177(65.6)
Hemoglobin (g/dl) 11.08 ± 2.03
Creatine(mg/dl) 5.05 ± 1.81
Albumin(g/dl) 3.51 ± 0.31

Chiang et al.

Chiang et al. BMC Nephrology 2013 14:78   doi:10.1186/1471-2369-14-78

Open Data