Table 1

Clinical and metabolic characteristics of participants
Total Men Women P
N (%) 1.145 689 (60.2%) 456 (39.8%)
Age (years) 66.8 ± 11.3 66.3 ± 11.4 67.4 ± 10.9 0.089
Duration diabetes (years) 9.1 ± 6.7 8.8 ± 6.5 9.4 ± 6.9 0.250
BMI (kg/m2) 30.3 ± 5.2 29.6 ± 4.5 31.1 ± 6.0 0.001
Obesity, n(%) 533 (46,5) 297 (43.1) 236 (51.8) 0.004
Abdominal waist circumference (cm) 100.0 ± 17.1 103.5 ± 12.1 100.2 ± 13.6 0.001
Smoking (n%)
  Yes 158 (13,8) 123 (17.9) 35 (7.7) 0.001
  Ex-smoker 345 (30.1) 312 (45.2) 33 (7.2)
  Never 642 (56.1) 254 (36.9) 388 ( 85.1)
HbA1C (%) 7.3 ± 1.3 7.2 ± 1.2 7.3 ± 1.3 0.089
Hypertension (n%) 860 (75.1) 514 (74.6) 346 (75.9) 0.625
Systolic Blood Pressure (mmHg) 134.5 ± 13.2 134.3 ± 12.6 134.8 ± 14,0 0.984
Diastolic Blood Pressure (mmHg) 77.0 ± 9.1 77.1 ± 8.9 76.8 ± 9.3 0.477
Total cholesterol (mmol/L) 4.70 ± 0.93 4.63 ± 0.99 4.89 ± 0.90 0.001
LDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 2.79 ± 0,83 2.74 ± 0,86 2.84 ± 0,78 0.021
non-HDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 3.49 ± 0,91 3.46 ± 0,96 3.55 ± 0,90 0.086
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 1.29 ± 0.35 1.17 ± 0.31 1.33 ± 0.37 0.001
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 1.69 ± 0.96 1.70 ± 1.04 1.68 ± 0.87 0.450
Plasmatic creatinine (mg/dl) 0.93 ± 0.3 1.01 ± 0.3 0.8 ± 0.2 0.001
eGFR ml/min/1,73 m2 79.9 ± 23.5 80.4 ± 22.4 78.6 ± 23.6 0.142
Albumin/creatinine ratio (mg/g) 39.2 ± 144.3 46.3 ± 169.5 28.4 ± 93.4 0.979
Coronary heart disease (n%) 177 (15.4) 137 (19.9) 34 (7.5) 0.001
Heart failure (n%) 91 (7.9) 49 (7.1) 42 (9.2) 0.199
Peripheral vascular disease (n%) 98 (8.5) 85 (12.3) 13 (2.9) 0.001
Stroke (n%) 79 (6.9) 57 (8.3) 22 (4.8) 0.024

BMI = Body Mass Index. HbA1C = glycosilated hemoglobin. eGFR = estimated glomerular filtration rate. LDL cholesterol = Low Density Lipoprotein cholesterol. HDL cholesterol = High Density Lipoprotein cholesterol.

Rodriguez-Poncelas et al.

Rodriguez-Poncelas et al. BMC Nephrology 2013 14:46   doi:10.1186/1471-2369-14-46

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