Table 3

The 32 most prevalent sleep disturbances out of 45 [SOS part 3 (sleep disturbances)]
Sleep Disturbance of N = 249 Frequency Percentage
Need to urinate 163 62.9
Leg cramps during sleep 98 37.8
Frequent tossing and turning 96 37.1
Feeling too hot or too cold 86 33.2
Awaken for no particular reason (spontaneous awakenings) 77 29.7
Feeling anxious or emotionally tense, or worrying about things at bedtime 72 27.8
Physical nervousness and agitation in the evening or at night 68 26.2
Restless, uncomfortable, or “crawling” sensation in your legs during the evening or at night 62 23.9
Awakened by dreams (not nightmares) 56 21.6
Snoring 54 20.8
Feeling physically tense at bedtime 42 16.2
Awakening because of noise or light 38 14.7
Jerking or twitching in feet, legs, or arms during sleep 34 13.1
Large body jerks as you are falling asleep 33 12.7
Awakened by noises 32 12.4
Awakened by recurring dreams 31 12.0
Other pain during sleep 31 12.0
Muscle aches during or after sleep 30 11.6
Grinding teeth 26 10.0
Nightmares 26 10.0
Heartburns or other burning in chest, stomach 24 9.3
Headaches beginning during sleep 24 9.3
Palpitations, heart racing, or irregular heart beat 23 8.9
Other sleep disturbances 22 8.5
Talking in your sleep 19 7.3
Hallucinations as you are falling asleep or waking up, i.e., seeing or hearing things which turn out not to actually be real 15 5.8
Frequent cough 15 5.8
Episodes of confusion during sleep or upon awakening 14 5.4
Awakening choking, smothering, or gasping for air 13 5.0
Periods of not breathing during sleep 13 5.0
Difficulty breathing (including wheezing) 11 4.3
Difficulty swallowing 11 4.2

Burkhalter et al.

Burkhalter et al. BMC Nephrology 2013 14:220   doi:10.1186/1471-2369-14-220

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