Table 3

Urine concentration of arsenic, cadmium and lead for CKDu cases compared with controls from the endemic and non-endemic areas
Mean, median (range) of concentration in urine (μg/g creatinine)
Arsenic Cadmium Lead
CKDu cases (n = 495) 45.447, 26.3 (0.4 to 616.6) 1.039, 0.695 (0.005 to 8.93) 1.153, 0.95 (0.04 to 8.53)
Controls from endemic area (n = 132) 92.443, 6.99 (0.2 to 966.29) 0.646, 0.18, (0.005 to 5.13)a 1.254, 0.793 (1.21 to 6.64)
Controls from non-endemic area (n = 250) 56.572, 42.025 (5.38 to 350.28) 0.345, 0.265 (0.005 to 2.079)b 2.099, 1.434 (0.277 to 20.9)

a Urine cadmium concentration of cases compared to controls from endemic area P < 0.001.

b Urine cadmium concentration of cases compared to controls from non-endemic area P < 0.05.

Jayatilake et al.

Jayatilake et al. BMC Nephrology 2013 14:180   doi:10.1186/1471-2369-14-180

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