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Open Access Study protocol

Multisystemic engagement & nephrology based educational intervention: a randomized controlled trial protocol on the kidney team at home-study

Sohal Y Ismail13*, Annemarie E Luchtenburg2, Willij C Zuidema2, Charlotte Boonstra1, Willem Weimar2, Emma K Massey2 and Jan J Busschbach1

Author Affiliations

1 Departments of Medical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Erasmus MC, Burg. s’ Jacobplein 51, Rotterdam, CA, 3015, The Netherlands

2 Internal Medicine, ‘s Gravendijkwal 230, Rotterdam, CE, 3015, The Netherlands

3 Department of Medical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Erasmus MC, Postbox 2040, Rotterdam, CA, 3000, The Netherlands

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BMC Nephrology 2012, 13:62  doi:10.1186/1471-2369-13-62

Published: 23 July 2012

Abstract

Background

Living donor kidney transplantation (LDKT) is the most successful form of renal replacement therapy in terms of wait time and survival rates. However, we observed a significant inequality in the number of LDKT performed between the Dutch and the non-Dutch patients. The objective of this study is to adapt, implement and test an educational home-based intervention to contribute to the reduction of this inequality. Our aim is to establish this through guided communication together with the social network of the patients in an attempt that well-informed decisions regarding renal replacement therapy can be made: Multisystemic Engagement & Nephrology. This manuscript is a detailed description of the Kidney Team At Home-study protocol.

Methods and design

All patients (>18 yrs) that are referred to the pre-transplantation outpatient clinic are eligible to participate in the study. Patients will be randomly assigned to either an experimental or a control group. The control group will continue to receive standard care. The experimental group will receive standard care plus a home-based educational intervention. The intervention consists of two sessions at the patient’s home, an initial session with the patient and a second session for which individuals from their social network are invited to take part. Based on the literature and behavioural change theories we hypothesize that reducing hurdles in knowledge, risk perception, subjective norm, self-efficacy, and communication contribute to well-informed decision making and reducing inequality in accessing LDKT programs. A change in these factors is consequently our primary outcome-measure. Based on power calculations, we aim to include 160 patients over a period of two years.

Discussion

If we are able to show that this home-based group educational intervention contributes to 1) achieving well-informed decision regarding treatment and 2) reducing the inequality in LDKT, the quality of life of patients will be improved while healthcare costs are reduced. As the intervention is investigated in a random heterogeneous patient group in daily practice, the transfer to clinical practice in other kidney transplant centers should be relatively easy.

Trial registration

Netherlands Trial Register, NTR2730.

Keywords:
Family Therapy; Cultural Diversity; Kidney transplantation/psychology; Living Donors/psychology; Patient education; Accessibility of health services