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Open Access Research article

Systematic comprehensive geriatric assessment in elderly patients on chronic dialysis: a cross-sectional comparative and feasibility study

Juliette L Parlevliet1*, Bianca M Buurman1, Marja M Hodac Pannekeet2, Els M Boeschoten3, Lucia ten Brinke3, Marije E Hamaker1, Barbara C van Munster1 and Sophia E de Rooij1

Author Affiliations

1 Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Department of Internal Medicine, Section of Geriatric Medicine, Room F4-108, Meibergdreef 9, 1105, AZ, Amsterdam, the Netherlands

2 Zaans Medical Centre, Department of Internal Medicine, Koningin Julianaplein 58, 1502, DV, Zaandam, the Netherlands

3 Hans Mak Institute, Wilhelminalaan 29-B, 1411, EL, Naarden, the Netherlands

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BMC Nephrology 2012, 13:30  doi:10.1186/1471-2369-13-30

Published: 30 May 2012

Abstract

Background

Elderly dialysis patients are prone to disabilities and functional decline. This aggravates their last period of life. It would be valuable to be able to preserve daily function and quality of life. Identification of domains requiring additional attention is not common practice in standard care. Therefore, we performed a systematic Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA) to assess physical and psychosocial function and tested its feasibility in daily practice. The CGA is used more frequently in the assessment of elderly cancer patients, and we therefore compared the outcomes to this group.

Methods

A cross-sectional, multicenter study, between June 1st and September 31st, 2009, in four Dutch outpatient dialysis units. Fifty patients aged 65 years or above who received dialysis because of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) were randomly included. We assessed the CGA during a systematic interview with patients and their caregivers. The cancer patients had had a similar CGA in an earlier study. We compared prevalences between groups.

Results

In the dialysis population (68.0% 75 years or above, 76.6% on haemodialysis) caregivers often observed behavioral changes, such as deviant eating habits (34.0%) and irritability (27.7%). In 84.4%, caregivers felt overburdened by the situation of their family member. Somatic and psychosocial conditions were frequently found (polypharmacy (94.6%), depression (24.5%)) and prevalence of most geriatric conditions was comparable to those in elderly cancer patients.

Conclusions

Geriatric conditions were highly prevalent among elderly dialysis patients and prevalences were comparable in both populations. The CGA proved feasible for recognition of these conditions and of overburdened caregivers. This could prevent further functional decline and preserve quality of life.