Open Access Research article

Lipoprotein lipase responds similarly to tinzaparin as to conventional heparin during hemodialysis

Dana Mahmood1, Maria Grubbström2, Lennart DI Lundberg2, Gunilla Olivecrona3, Thomas Olivecrona3 and Bernd G Stegmayr2*

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Internal Medicine, County Hospital in Östersund, SE-83131 Östersund, Sweden

2 Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital, SE-90185, Umeå, Sweden

3 Department of Medical Biosciences, University of Umeå, SE-90187 Umeå, Sweden

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BMC Nephrology 2010, 11:33  doi:10.1186/1471-2369-11-33

Published: 6 December 2010

Abstract

Background

Low molecular weight (LMW) heparins are used for anticoagulation during hemodialysis (HD). Studies in animals have shown that LMW-heparins release lipoprotein lipase (LPL) as efficiently as unfractionated (UF) heparin, but are less able to retard hepatic uptake of the lipase. This raises a concern that the LPL system may become exhausted by LMW-heparin in patients on HD. We have explored this in the setting of clinical HD.

Methods

Twenty patients on chronic hemodialysis were switched from a primed infusion of UF-heparin to a single bolus of tinzaparin. There were long term follow up of variables for the estimation of dialysis efficacy as well as of the LPL release during dialysis and the subsequent impact on the triglycerides.

Results

The LPL activity in blood was higher on tinzaparin at 40 but lower at 180 minutes during HD. These values did not change during the 6 month study period. There were significant correlations between the LPL activities in individual patients at the beginning and end of the 6 month study period and between the activities on UF-heparin and on tinzaparin, indicating that tissue LPL was not being exhausted. Triglycerides were higher during the HD-session with tinzaparin than UF-heparin. The plasma lipid/lipoprotein levels did not change during the 6 month study period, nor during a 2-year follow up after the switch from UF-heparin to tinzaparin. Urea reduction rate and Kt/V were reduced by 4 and 7% after 6 months with tinzaparin.

Conclusion

Our data demonstrate that repeated HD with UF-heparin or tinzaparin does not exhaust the LPL-system.