Table 5

Projected Annual cost arterial hypertension, Diabetes and ESRD Treatment.

Medications

Cost per patient (US$)

Total cost of all patients projected (US$)


Antihypertensive

Thiazide diuretics

100

280 million

Calcium blocker

250

700 million

ACEI

1000

2.8 billion

Antidiabetic

Biguanide-Metformin

200

240 million

Insulin

350

420 million

Renal replacement treatment

Peritoneal dialysis

36,000

~1.4 billion*

Hemodialysis

63,000

~2.5 billion*


* Projection was made from about 1% of patients with diabetes or hypertension developing ESRD

ACEI = angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors.

ESRD = end stage renal disease

Sumaili et al. BMC Nephrology 2009 10:18   doi:10.1186/1471-2369-10-18

Open Data