Table 1

Population characteristics.

Clinical features

Males

N = 229

Females

N = 298

Total

N = 527

P


Age mean ± SD (yr)

55.3 ± 15.3

52.8 ± 14.9

53.9 ± 15.5

0.05

Age range n (%)

-18 to 43 yr

53 (23.1)

83 (27.9)

136 (25.8)

0.25

-44 to 55 yr

52 (22.7)

83 (27.9)

135 (25.6)

0.20

-56 to 67 yr

69 (30.1)

78 (26.2)

147 (27.9)

0.37

-> 67 yr

55 (24.0)

54 (18.1)

109 (20.7)

0.12

Hypertension n (%)

129 (56.3)

175 (58.7)

304 (58.2)

0.62

Diabetes n (%)

125 (54.5)

162 (54.4)

287 (54.5)

0.76

- Type 1

8 (6.4)

6 (3.7)

14 (4.9)

0.4

- Type 2

117 (93.6)

156 (96.3)

273 (95.1)

0.4

Obesity n (%)

14 (6.1)

71 (23.8)

85 (16.1)

< 0.0001

HIV infection* n (%)

22 (32.4)

60 (49.6)

82 (43.4)

0.03

FH-KD first degree* n (%)

13 (7. 3)

25 (11.7)

38 (9.7)

0.12

History of Kidney disease n (%)

15 (6.8)

9 (3.1)

24 (4.6)

0.07

Smoking currently n (%)

28 (12.3)

10 (3.4)

38 (7.3)

0.0002

Herbal remedy use n (%)

58 (25.4)

37 (12.5)

95 (18.2)

0.0002

Low educational level**

65 (29.0)

162 (55.5)

227 (44.0)

< 0.0001


Values expressed as numbers and proportions in parentheses or mean ± SD, as appropriate.

SD, standard deviation. yr, years.

Percentages based on total participant number except for * HIV infection status or responding number.

** low level education (< 6 years).

Sumaili et al. BMC Nephrology 2009 10:18   doi:10.1186/1471-2369-10-18

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