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Open Access Research article

Association between promoter -1607 polymorphism of MMP1 and Lumbar Disc Disease in Southern Chinese

You-Qiang Song12, Daniel WH Ho1, Jaro Karppinen3, Patrick YP Kao1, Bao-Jian Fan1, Keith DK Luk2, Shea-Ping Yip4, John CY Leong6, Kathryn SE Cheah1, Pak Sham5, Danny Chan1 and Kenneth MC Cheung2*

  • * Corresponding author: Kenneth MC Cheung cheungmc@hku.hk

  • † Equal contributors

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Biochemistry, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China

2 Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China

3 Department of Rehabilitation, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland

4 Department of Health Technology and Informatics, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, China

5 Department of Psychiatry, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China

6 Open University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China

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BMC Medical Genetics 2008, 9:38  doi:10.1186/1471-2350-9-38

Published: 28 April 2008

Abstract

Background

Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are involved in the degradation of the extracellular matrix of the intervertebral disc. A SNP for guanine insertion/deletion (G/D), the -1607 promoter polymorphism, of the MMP1 gene was found significantly affecting promoter activity and corresponding transcription level. Hence it is a good candidate for genetic studies in DDD.

Methods

Southern Chinese volunteers between 18 and 55 years were recruited from the population. DDD in the lumbar spine was defined by MRI using Schneiderman's classification. Genomic DNA was isolated from the leukocytes and genotyping was performed using the Sequenom® platform. Association and Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium checking were assessed by Chi-square test and Mann-Whitney U test.

Results

Our results showed substantial evidence of association between -1607 promoter polymorphism of MMP1 and DDD in the Southern Chinese subjects. D allelic was significantly associated with DDD (p value = 0.027, odds ratio = 1.41 with 95% CI = 1.04–1.90) while Genotypic association on the presence of D allele was also significantly associated with DDD (p value = 0.046, odds ratio = 1.50 with 95% CI = 1.01–2.24). Further age stratification showed significant genotypic as well as allelic association in the group of over 40 years (genotypic: p value = 0.035, odds ratio = 1.617 with 95% CI = 1.033–2.529; allelic: p value = 0.033, odds ratio = 1.445 with 95% CI = 1.029–2.029). Disc bulge, annular tears and the Schmorl's nodes were not associated with the D allele.

Conclusion

We demonstrated that individuals with the presence of D allele for the -1607 promoter polymorphism of MMP1 are about 1.5 times more susceptible to develop DDD when compared with those having G allele only. Further association was identified in individuals over 40 years of age. Disc bulge, annular tear as well as Schmorl's nodes were not associated with this polymorphism.