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Open Access Open Badges Research article

The silence of MUC2 mRNA induced by promoter hypermethylation associated with HBV in Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Yang Ling1, Jing Zhu1, Lu Gao2, Yongping Liu1, Changtai Zhu1, Rong Li2, Lixin Wei2 and Changsong Zhang1*

  • * Corresponding author: Changsong Zhang

  • † Equal contributors

Author affiliations

1 Clinical Oncology Laboratory, Changzhou Tumor Hospital, Soochow University, Changzhou, No.1 North Huaide Road, Changzhou, 213001, China

2 Tumor Immunology and Gene Therapy Center, Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital, the Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China

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Citation and License

BMC Medical Genetics 2013, 14:14  doi:10.1186/1471-2350-14-14

Published: 25 January 2013



To evaluate the promoter methylation status of MUC2 gene and mRNA expression in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma.


We analyzed MUC2 methylation by MSP, and MUC2 mRNA by real-time PCR in 74 HCC.


MUC2 mRNA were lower in HCC tissues (Mean -ΔCt = −4.70) than that in Non-HCC tissues (Mean -ΔCt = −2.98). Expression of MUC2 was elevated in only 23 (31.08%) of the 74 HCC patients. MUC2 promoter was hypermethylated in 62.2% (46/74) of HCCs, and in only 18.9% (14/74) of non-tumor samples. MUC2 mRNA were lower in HCC patients with hypermethylation (Mean -ΔΔCt = −2.25) than those with demethylation (Mean -ΔΔCt = −0.22), and there is a decreased tendency for MUC2 mRNA in HCC patients with promoter hypermethylation (p = 0.011). There was a significantly correlation found between MUC2 mRNA and HBV and AFP in HCC. The loss of MUC2 mRNA and hypermethylation could be poor prognostic factors. After treated by 5-Aza-CdR and TSA, we found that MUC2 mRNA induced significantly in 7721, Huh7 and HepG2 cells.


The results suggested that MUC2 mRNA silenced by promoter hypermethylation is associated with high levels HBV in HCC.

MUC2; Hepatocellular carcinoma; Methylation