Table 2

Diagnostic sensitivity and specificity based on frequency of the transducer head
High frequency Low frequency
MSUS findings N Sns,p-value,I2 N SnS, p-value,I2
SpC, p-value,I2 SpC, p-value,I2
Hypoechogenicity 2 [17,28] 0.35(0.22-0.50), 0.0001,93 5 [25,29,30,33] 0.71(0.63-0.77),0.0009,79
NA NA
Calcifications 3 [17,27,28] 0.26(0.22-0.32),0.0001,89 4 [25,29,30,35] 0.11(0.07-0.16),0.0081,75
NA NA
Neovascularity 3 [17,27,31] 0.28(0.23-0.24),<0.00001,97 3 [29,30,34] 0.40(0.31-0.49),<0.0001,99
100(98–100),0.25,28 NA
Thickness 4 [17,27,28,31] 0.53(0.49-0.57),<0.0001,93 3 [30,33,36] 0.27(0.21-0.33),0.0003,81
NA NA
Enthesopathy 1 [17] 0.64(0.24-0.91) 3 [25,35,36] 0.31(0.23-0.39),<0.0001,96
NA NA
Bone changes (cortical irregularities or bone spurs) 2 [27,31] 0.56(0.50-0.62),0.41,0 0 NA
NA NA
Cortical irregularities 1 [28] 0.18(0.08-0.31) 1 [30] 0.22(0.13-0.34)
NA NA
Cortical spurs 0 NA 2 [30,33] 0.13(0.07-0.21),0.03,78
NA NA
Partial tear 1 [17] 0.38(0.09-0.76) 2 [30,35] 0.06(0.02-0.11),0.10, 62
NA NA
Full tear 0 NA 2 [30,35] 0.02(0.00-0.06),0.14,55
NA NA

Key: I2, Inconsistency-square test for homogeneity; MSUS, musculoskeletal ultrasound; N, number; NA, not applicable; SnS, sensitivity; SpC, specificity.

Dones et al.

Dones et al. BMC Medical Imaging 2014 14:10   doi:10.1186/1471-2342-14-10

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