Diagnostic performance of quarantine with use of rapid diagnostic testing. A. Positive predictive values (PPV) and B. Negative predictive values (NPV) of quarantine combined with rapid diagnostic testing as functions of the length of quarantine and prevalence at the source. For the quarantine of 3 days or longer, PPV is less sensitive to the length of quarantine and depends almost only on the prevalence. NPV is sensitive to both the length of quarantine and prevalence at the source, achieving extremely high estimates to correctly release true negative individuals into the community.
Nishiura et al. BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:27 doi:10.1186/1471-2334-9-27