Table 4

Nutritional status at enrolment and the impact of CTC in HIV-positive and HIV-negative children

HIV positive

HIV negative

P-value




n

%

n

%


Prospective cohort

Admission category

Oedema

14

63.6

583

84.4

0.017†

Maramus

1

4.5

50

7.2

MUAC < 110 mm

5

22.7

41

5.9

Others criteria

2

9.2

17

2.5

Total

22

100.0

691

100.0


WHM% mean(SD)

80.5(8.9)

83.3(12.6)

0.3

> = 70%

20

90.9

564

86.1

0.755

< 70%

2

9.1

91

13.9

Total

22

100.0

655

100.0


MUAC mean (SD)

109.2(16.4)

118.3(16.9)

0.025

> = 110 mm

7

38.9

435

71.3

0.003

< 110 mm

11

61.1

175

28.7

Total

18

100.0

610

100.0


CTC Outcomes

Recovered

13

59.1

523

83.4

0.002

Defaulted

5

22.7

89

14.2

< 0.001

Died

4

18.2

11

1.8

< 0.001

Transfer or still in programme

4

0.7

-

Median weight gain (IQR) g/kg/day

20

2.8 (1.3–3.9)

614

4.7(2.9–6.7)

0.007

Median MUAC change (IQR) mm/day

9

0.11(-0.03–0.31)

361

0.21(0.05–0.39)

0.223

Median LoS (IQR) days

20

56(36–68)

622

42(28–63)

0.25


Retrospective cohort

Admission category

Oedema

16

55.2

643

67.8

0.154†

Marasmus

6

20.7

154

16.2

MUAC < 110 mm

5

17.2

70

7.4

Others criteria‡

2

6.9

82

8.6

Total

29

100.0

949

100.0


WHM% (SD)

81.0(15.7)

84.3(14.4)

0.26

> = 70

17

68.0

721

80.5

0.130

< 70%

8

32.0

175

19.5

Total

25

100.0

896

100.0


CTC Outcomes

Median Weight gain (IQR) g/kg/day

24

2.2 (1.6–4.0)

880

3.1(1.1–5.9)

0.309

Median MUAC change (IQR)mm/day

11

0.22(0.01–0.45)

476

0.25(0.03–0.48)

0.891

Median LOS (IQR) days

25

63(42–128)

912

42(28–67)

0.002


† Comparison % oedematous malnutrition; ‡ others criteria = age above 6 months and weight less than 4 kg, child with visible wasting but not meeting marasmus and MUAC criteria and less than 6 months children.

Bahwere et al. BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:106   doi:10.1186/1471-2334-8-106

Open Data