Table 3

Demographic characteristics, tuberculosis history and nutrition admission criteria according to the HIV status of children from retrospective and prospective cohorts.

Prospective

p-value

Retrospective

p-value



HIV+ve

HIV-ve

HIV+ve

HIV-ve

Variable

n

%

n

%

n

%

n

%


Sex

Female

12

54.5

341

49.3

15

53.6

580

52.4

Male

10

45.5

351

50.7

0.626

13

46.4

527

47.6

0.902

Total

22

100.0

692

100.0

28

100.0

1107

100.0

Age

< 12

5

25.0

57

10.0

4

16.0

153

16.9

12-<24

6

30.0

266

46.7

9

36.0

345

38.0

24-<36

4

20.0

149

26.1

0.099

8

32.0

267

29.4

0.993

> = 36

5

25.0

98

17.2

4

16.0

143

15.7

Total

20

100.0

570

100.0

25

100.0

908

100.0

Parents status

Orphan (1 or both parents)

7

31.8

28

4.2

10

34.5

90

7.9

Parents alive

15

68.2

646

95.8

< 0.001

19

65.5

1046

92.1

< 0.001

Total

22

100.0

674

100.0

29

100.0

1136

100.0

Presence of proxy indicator

> = 1 proxy present

14

66.7

138

21.5

15

53.6

261

23.9

None

7

33.3

505

78.5

< 0.001

13

46.4

832

76.1

< 0.001

Total

21

100.0

643

100.0

28

100.0

1093

100.0

Family history of tuberculosis

Yes

4

19.0

54

8.0

7

29.2

120

18.7

No

17

81.0

621

92.0

0.089

17

70.8

522

81.3

0.193

Total

21

675

100.0

24

100.0

642

100.0

Admission category

oedema

14

63.6

583

84.4

16

55.2

643

67.8

No oedema

8

36.4

108

15.6

0.017

13

44.8

306

32.2

0.017

Total

22

100.0

691

100.0

29

100.0

949

100.0


Bahwere et al. BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:106   doi:10.1186/1471-2334-8-106

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