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Open Access Research article

Declining hepatitis A seroprevalence in adults in Catalonia (Spain): a population-based study

Àngela Domínguez12*, Miquel Bruguera3, Pere Plans1, Jordi Espuñes1, Josep Costa4, Antoni Plasencia1 and Lluis Salleras2

Author Affiliations

1 Directorate of Public Health. Generalitat of Catalonia. Travessera de les Corts, 131-159, 08028 Barcelona, Spain

2 Department Public Health. University of Barcelona. C. Casanovas, 143, 08036 Barcelona, Spain

3 Liver Unit. Hospital Clínic. C. Villaroel, 170, 08036 Barcelona, Spain

4 Service of Microbiology, Hospital Clínic. C. Villaroel, 170, 08036 Barcelona, Spain

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BMC Infectious Diseases 2007, 7:73  doi:10.1186/1471-2334-7-73

Published: 4 July 2007

Abstract

Background

One of the main uses of seroprevalence studies it to evaluate vaccination programmes. In 1998, a programme of universal vaccination of preadolescents in schools with the hepatitis A vaccine was begun in Catalonia. The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence and risk factors of hepatitis A virus infection (HAV) in a sample of the adult population of Catalonia in 2002 and to evaluate the changes with respect to a survey carried out in 1996.

Methods

The prevalence of HAV antibodies was determined by a third generation competitive immunometric assay in a representative sample of 1292 people aged >15 years. The association between the prevalence and different sociodemographic variables was determined by multiple logistic regression analysis.

Results

The standardized global prevalence of HAV antibodies in 2002 was 68.2%, increased with age (p < 0.0001) and was associated with being born outside Catalonia (OR: 1.75; 95% CI 1.11–2.76) and lower social class (OR: 1.14; 95% CI 1.05–1.25). Compared with the last survey carried out in 1996 the standardized global prevalence was lower (68.2% vs 77.8%; p < 0.0001) as was the prevalence in people under 45 years.

Conclusion

The prevalence of the hepatitis A virus is decreasing in the adult population of Catalonia, especially in the younger age groups. The programme of vaccination of adolescents begun in 1998 to control the disease can provide indirect protection to the unvaccinated population.