Table 1

Bacterial meningitis in three periods according to pathogen

Organism

1974–1984

1985–1994

1995–2005

Total


N

%

IR*

N

%

IR*

N

%

IR*

N

%

IR*


N. meningitidis- probable

238

18.0

3.4

63

10.5

1.6

113

20.3

3.3

414

16.7

2.8

N. meningitidis- confirmed

386

29.3

5.5

197

32.8

5.2

255

45.7

7.6

838

33.8

6.1

N. meningitidis- total

624

47.3

8.9

260

43.3

6.8

368

65.9

10.9

1252

50.5

8.9

S. pneumoniae

90

6.8

1.3

46

7.7

1.2

50

9.0

1.5

186

7.5

1.3

H. influenzae type b

100

7.6

1.4

138

23.0

3.6

14

2.5

0.4

252

10.2

1.7

Other bacteria***

29

2.2

0.4

13

2.2

0.3

13

2.3

0.4

55

2.2

0.4

Unspecified**

476

36.1

6.7

143

23.8

3.6

113

20.3

3.3

732

29.6

4.6

Total

1319

100

18.7

600

100

15.5

558

100

16.5

2477

100

16.9


* Mean annual Incidence Rate per 100,000 children

** "Probable" bacterial meningitis cases not including "probable" meningococcal meningitis cases

*** group B Streptococcus, Salmonella spp, Streptococcus spp, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus spp, Brucella melitensis, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Acinetobacter anitratus, Enterobacter cloaca, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Proteus spp, Rickettsiae spp

Theodoridou et al. BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:101   doi:10.1186/1471-2334-7-101

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