Table 2

Number and percentages of bacterial pathogens isolated from blood specimens of severely malnourished children below 60 months of age at admission to, Mulago Hospital by HIV status

Bacteria pathogens

HIV+ n/total (%)

HIV -ve n/total (%)

Odds ratio (95% CI)


Gram positive (Total = 27)

14 (52)

13 (48)

1.31 (0.49 – 3.48)

Staphylococcus

Aureus (n = 13)

8 (62)

5 (38)

Coagulase negative (n = 5)

3 (60)

2 (40)

Streptococcus pneumoniae (n = 9)

5 (56)

4 (44)

Gram negative (Total = 41)

17 (42)

24 (58)

0.76 (0.29 – 2.03)

Salmonella

Enteriditis (n = 9)

3 (33)

6 (67)

Typhimurium (n = 19)

8 (42)

11 (58)

Typhi(n = 5)

2 (40)

3 (60)

Escherichia coli(n = 6)

3 (50)

3 (50)

Haemophilus. Influenzae (n = 2)

1(50)

1 (50)


Bachou et al. BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:160   doi:10.1186/1471-2334-6-160

Open Data