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Open Access Research article

Knowledge, attitudes and behaviour of hospital health-care workers regarding influenza A/H1N1: a cross sectional survey

Luciana Albano, Anna Matuozzo, Paolo Marinelli and Gabriella Di Giuseppe*

Author Affiliations

Department of Experimental Medicine, Second University of Naples, Via Luciano Armanni, 5, 80138 Naples, Italy

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BMC Infectious Diseases 2014, 14:208  doi:10.1186/1471-2334-14-208

Published: 16 April 2014

Abstract

Background

To assess the knowledge, the attitudes, and the behaviour towards influenza A/H1N1 and the vaccination among health-care workers (HCWs).

Methods

A sample of HCWs was selected from a random sample of non-teaching public hospitals, located in the cities of Naples and Avellino (Italy), received a self-administered anonymous questionnaire including questions about socio-demographic characteristics, knowledge on modes of transmission and preventative measures, attitudes and behaviour relating to influenza A/H1N1.

Results

Only 36.1% correctly knew the main modes of transmission, and that HCWs are a risk category and this level of knowledge was significantly higher in HCWs having received information through scientific journals. A higher perceived risk of contracting influenza A/H1N1 has been observed in the HCWs more knowledgeable, in those considering influenza A/H1N1 a serious disease, and in those working in surgical wards. Only 16.7% have received the influenza A/H1N1 vaccination and HCWs with more fear of contracting influenza A/H1N1, those considering vaccine more useful and less dangerous were more likely to receive vaccine.

Conclusions

Education and communication strategies for improving the level of knowledge and for the immunization uptake regarding influenza A/H1N1 HCWs are strongly needed.

Keywords:
Attitudes; Behaviour; Health-care workers; Influenza A/H1N1; Knowledge