Table 1

Demographic, clinical, laboratory and radiographic characteristics of patients diagnosed with severe community acquired pneumonia (n = 189)
Characteristics Number of patients (percentage)
Age in years (Mean ± S.D.) 60 ± 18.0
Gender
  Male 110 (58%)
  Female 79 (42%)
Underlying comorbids
Cardiovascular diseases 111 (59%)
  Hypertension 92 (49%)
  Ischemic heart disease 52 (28%)
  Congestive heart failure 12 (06%)
Pulmonary diseases 79 (42%)
  COPD 34 (18%)
  Asthma 21 (11%)
  Bronchiectasis 11 (06%)
  History of Tuberculosis 10 (05%)
  Pulmonary fibrosis 07 (04%)
Diabetes mellitus 66 (35%)
Others 52 (28%)
  Chronic renal failure 41 (22%)
  Chronic liver disease 11 (06%)
Laboratory data
Hemoglobin (g/dL) 11.4 ± 2.7
Hematocrit (%) 34.2 ± 8.2
Total Leukocyte count (x 109/L) 18.3 ± 13.5
  Neutrophils (%) 82.0 ± 18.5
  Lymphocytes (%) 11.4 ± 14.9
Plateletes (x 109/L) 243 ± 138.5
Serum BUN (mg/dL) 41.0 ± 25.5
Serum Creatinine (mg/dL) 2.4 ± 2.2
Serum Sodium (mmol/L) 135.0 ± 7.4
Serum Potassium (mmol/L) 4.2 ± 0.9
Serum Bicarbonate (mmol/L) 20.0 ± 6.7
Serum Chloride (mmol/L) 102.0 ± 10.0
Arterial Blood Gases
  pH 7.36 ± 0.12
  PaCO2 (mmHg) 38.0 ± 18.0
  PaO2 (mmHg) 79.0 ± 26.0
Chest radiography
Bilateral involvement 89 (47%)
Unilateral involvement (Right) 64 (34%)
Unilateral involvement (Left) 35 (19%)
Mediastinal involvement 01 (0.5%)
Consolidation 119 (63%)
Pleural effusion 70 (37%)
Interstitial infiltrates 53 (28%)
Atelectasis 30 (16%)
Cavitation 06 (03%)
Nodules 05 (03%)
Single lobe 123 (65%)
Multilobar 66 (35%)

Khawaja et al.

Khawaja et al. BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:94   doi:10.1186/1471-2334-13-94

Open Data