Table 3

Frequency distribution, number of cases and univariable associations with 30-day period prevalence of diarrhoea in respondents from households with and without cisterns in the Agreste Central Region of Pernambuco State, Brazil (n=3654)
Variable Participants no. (%) Cases no. OR 95% CI
Gender (n = 3651)
  Male 1808 (49.5) 262 Referent
  Female 1843 (50.5) 272 0.97 0.77-1.21
Age (years) (n = 3653)
  <5 944 (25.8) 201 Referent
  5-10 571 (15.6) 78 0.44 0.31-0.64
  11-20 607 (16.6) 58 0.32 0.22-0.47
  21-30 651 (17.8) 94 0.48 0.35-0.67
  31-40 469 (12.8) 53 0.32 0.21-0.48
  41-50 208 (5.7) 30 0.57 0.33-0.96
  51-65 124 (3.4) 13 0.50 0.25-1.03
  >65 79 (2.2) 7 0.38 0.15-0.98
Mother’s Literacy (n = 3649)
  Illiterate 1120 (30.7) 157 Referent
  Literate 2529 (69.3) 377 0.97 0.66-1.43
Mother’s Education Level if Literate (n = 2477)
  Grades 1-3 791 (31.9) 119 Referent
  Grades 4-8 1544 (62.3) 230 1.14 0.72-1.81
  Grades 9-university 142 (5.7) 22 1.33 0.54-3.30
Father’s Literacy (n = 3540)
  Illiterate 1762 (49.8) 263 Referent
  Literate 1778 (50.2) 255 0.84 0.59-1.20
Father’s Education Level if Literate (n = 1684)
  Grades 1-3 742 (44.1) 114 Referent
  Grades 4-8 879 (52.2) 118 0.98 0.56-1.69
  Grades 9-university 63 (3.7) 13 2.12 0.61-7.32
Source of Income(n = 3654)
  Government worker 144 (3.9) 23 1.21 0.53-2.74
  Salaried rural worker 160 (4.4) 20 0.83 0.37-1.88
  Self employed farmer 2523 (69.1) 315 0.57 0.38-0.85
  Sales and service 38 (1.0) 9 1.80 0.46-6.98
  Skilled labourer 92 (2.5) 20 1.41 0.52-3.82
  Unskilled labourer 255 (7.0) 32 1.09 0.52-2.27
  Family assistance 2607 (71.4) 358 0.87 0.60-1.24
  Old age pension 543 (14.9) 76 1.00 0.61-1.64
  Other 161 (4.4) 29 1.52 0.66-3.50
Number of People in Household (n = 3654) Mean = 5.55 0.88 0.80-0.96

Standard errors corrected using mixed logistic regression with random effects for household, community, and municipality.

OR: odds ratio; CI: 95% confidence interval.

† Respondents could select more than one response.

Marcynuk et al.

Marcynuk et al. BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:65   doi:10.1186/1471-2334-13-65

Open Data