Table 1

Characteristics of patients with acute schistosomiasis fulfilling the inclusion criteria
Patient Region of exposure Reason for travel Incubation time [days](1) Time to diagnosis [days](2) Eosinophils absolute[per μl] PCR Serology Microscopy
1 Rwanda Tourist 57 62 5.400 pos pos S.m.
2 Rwanda Tourist 33 54 2.090 pos (pos) S.m.
3 Mozambique Occupational 28 42 2.860 pos pos Ø
4 Ethiopia Occupational 27 43 2.650 pos Ø Ø
5 Uganda Occupational 38 56 1.920 pos pos Ø
6 Uganda Occupational 20 32 1.600 pos pos n.a.
7 Malawi Tourist 18 20 1.050 pos pos n.a.
8 Mozambique Tourist 35 56 33.050 pos Ø n.a.
9 Yemen Tourist 40 54 1.540 pos pos Ø
10 Malawi Tourist 27 35 980 pos Ø Ø
11(3) Kenya Tourist 94 96 3.220 Ø pos Ø
12 Kenya Tourist 184 302 1.100 pos pos Ø
13 Sudan Occupational 27 33 3.350 pos Ø Ø
14 Tanzania Volunteer 75 88 5.880 pos pos n.a.
15 East Africa Volunteer 127 131 1.760 pos pos Ø
16(4) Kenya VFR 150 210 n.a. pos n.a. S.m.
17 Uganda Tourist 24 27 n.a. pos pos n.a.
18 Malawi Tourist 31 73 3.920 pos Ø n.a.
19 East Africa Volunteer 32 104 4.010 pos pos Ø
20 Malawi Tourist 31 34 1.780 Ø Ø Ø
21 Mali Occupational 23 32 1.140 pos Ø Ø
22 Tanzania Volunteer 62 66 2.800 pos Ø Ø
23 Madagascar Tourist 35 38 2.640 pos pos n.a.
24 Madagascar Occupational 92 261 890 pos pos n.a.
25 Madagascar Occupational 122 152 870 pos pos Ø
26 East Africa Tourist 24 36 3.150 pos pos Ø
27 Tanzania Volunteer 47 76 1.700 pos pos S.m.
28 Tanzania Volunteer 47 80 9.850 pos pos Ø
29 Tanzania Volunteer 62 94 2.310 pos pos Ø
30 Tanzania Volunteer 97 196 2.290 Ø pos Ø
31 Madagsacar Occupational n.a. 160 1.100 pos pos Ø
32 Madagascar Tourist 17 43 1.020 pos pos S.m.
33(5) Ghana VRF 31 69 1.200 pos pos n.a.
34 Madagascar Tourist 23 34 1.210 pos pos n.a.
35 Uganda Tourist 41 53 2.900 pos Ø n.a.
36 Madagascar Tourist 25 42 23.300 pos pos S.m.
37 Ghana Tourist 40 46 1.660 pos pos n.a.
38 Tanzania Tourist 27 119 2.340 pos pos n.a.

(1): Time from exposure to beginning of clinical symptoms.

(2): Time from exposure to diagnostics.

(3): Less than 2 ml of Serum was available for DNA extraction.

(4): Patient evaluated for liver transplantation due to known Hepatitis B Virus infection and eosinophilia after visiting her family.

(5): Patient with meningitis and eosinophils in cerebrospinal fluid, Schistosoma DNA detected by PCR in cerebrospinal fluid.

VFR Visiting relatives and friends.

n.a. Not available.

pos Positive.

Ø Negative.

(pos) Only one of two different serological tests for schistosomiasis shows a positive result.

S.m. eggs of S.mansoni.

Wichmann et al.

Wichmann et al. BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:55   doi:10.1186/1471-2334-13-55

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