Table 1

Demographic details of participants and their families
N = 529
n (%)
Sex of children Male 304 58
Female 225 42
Family typea Nuclear 215 41
Joint 314 59
Economic status Below poverty lineb 226 44
Above poverty line 228 56
Castec Scheduled caste 167 32
Scheduled tribe 4 1
Other backward caste 164 31
Other 194 36
Number of family members Up to 5 members 199 38
6 or more members 330 62
Paternal education Illiterate 111 21
1-5 years education 183 35
≥ 6 years education 235 44
Maternal education Illiterate 344 65
1-5 years education 138 26
≥ 6 years education 47 9
Paternal occupation Agricultural work 328 62
Labour work 153 29
Other work 48 9
Maternal occupation Housework only 233 44
Housework + Labour work 147 28
Housework + Agricultural work 145 27
Other work 4 1

aNuclear family refers to only parents and children living in one household, i.e. a home sharing one kitchen. Joint family refers to parents and children and any other related or unrelated persons living in one household, i.e. a home sharing one kitchen.

bThose classified as living below the poverty line were those living in families in possession of a 'Below poverty line’ ration card issued by the Government of India.

cScheduled castes, backward castes and scheduled tribes are groups in society who were historically subject to social disadvantage and exclusion. They are awarded special status by the Constitution of India and receive certain social benefits. (Government of India. Ministry of Home Affairs. Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner 2012).

Shakya et al.

Shakya et al. BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:477   doi:10.1186/1471-2334-13-477

Open Data