Table 2

Associations between cervicitis and sociodemographic, behavioral and biological characteristics
Characteristic Unadjusted OR (95%CI) pvalue Adjusted OR (95%CI) pvalue
Age (years) 1.03 (1.00, 1.06) 0.02 1.01 (0.99, 1.04)a 0.32
Age at first sex 1.03 (0.94, 1.13) 0.53 1.02 (0.93, 1.12)a 0.66
Age of starting sex work 1.02 (0.98, 1.05) 0.33 0.99 (0.96, 1.03)a 0.72
Drug and/or alcohol use 1.01 (0.56, 1.82) 0.98 0.79 (0.43, 1.44)a 0.44
Earnings per client 1.00 (1.00, 1.01) 0.11 1.00 (1.00, 1.01)a 0.13
History of STI 1.26 (0.75, 2.09) 0.38 1.20 (0.70, 2.05)a 0.52
Illegal workplace 1.76 (0.96, 3.25) 0.07 1.48 (0.77, 2.84)a 0.24
Registered 0.65 (0.37, 1.15) 0.14 1.58 (0.63, 4.01)g 0.33
Months doing sex work 1.00 (1.00, 1.01) 0.03 1.00 (1.00, 1.01)a 0.1
Regularly receives medical care 0.48 (0.30, 0.77) <0.01 0.54 (0.34, 0.87)a 0.01
Has a non-client sexual partner 1.39 (0.87, 2.24) 0.17 1.42 (0.86, 2.33)a 0.17
Number of clients per week
  None 1.00 (Ref) _ 1.00 (Ref) _
  1 to 10 1.42 (0.79, 2.55) 0.24 1.33 (0.73, 2.41)b 0.35
  11 to 20 1.57 (0.80, 3.09) 0.19 1.45 (0.72, 2.90)b 0.3
  21 to 40 0.47 (0.19, 1.14) 0.1 0.42 (0.17, 1.04)b 0.06
  > 40 0.45 (0.19, 1.09) 0.08 0.49 (0.20, 1.20)b 0.12
Condom use with clients (always) 0.77 (0.43, 1.38) 0.38 0.84 (0.46, 1.54)a 0.58
Condom use with clients or non-client partners (never) 1.35 (0.42, 4.33) 0.62 _ _
Condom use with non-client partners (always) 0.95 (0.82, 1.09) 0.48 0.50 (0.17, 1.48)c 0.21
Use of oral contraceptive pill 1.11 (0.62 - 1.98) 0.74 1.33 (0.72, 2.45)a 0.36
Education
  Primary or less 0.95 (0.41, 2.17) 0.9 0.87 (0.36, 2.10)a 0.76
  Secondary, incomplete 1.02 (0.61, 1.70) 0.94 0.98 (0.55, 1.72)a 0.93
  Secondary complete 1.00 (Ref) _ 1.00 (Ref) _
  Technical School 0.74 (0.29, 1.64) 0.41 0.62 (0.25, 1.53)a 0.3
  University 0.63 (0.23, 1.70) 0.36 0.47 (0.15, 1.44)a 0.19
Nationality
  Peruvian 1.00 (Ref) _ 1.00 (Ref) _
  Ecuadorian 0.27 (0.11, 0.64) <0.01 0.31 (0.13, 0.76)a 0.01
  Columbian or Dominican 0.8 (0.22, 2.94) 0.74 0.67 (0.18, 2.47)a 0.54
Sexual practices
  Vaginal/Oral 1.00 (Ref) 1.00 (Ref)
  Vaginal 2.05 (0.81, 5.17) 0.13 1.95 (0.72, 5.30)a 0.19
  Vaginal/Oral/Anal 0.87 (0.48, 1.57) 0.65 0.84 (0.45, 1.56)a 0.58
Genital tract infections
  Bacterial Vaginosis (BV) 1.50 (0.89, 2.52) 0.12 1.47 (0.87, 2.48)f 0.15
  Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) 0.94 (0.29, 3.03) 0.91 _ _
  Any cervicitis-causing STId 1.78 (0.72, 4.39) 0.21 _ _
  Human Papillomavirus 0.95 (0.59, 1.53) 0.84 0.96 (0.60, 1.55)f 0.87
  HTLVe 1.83 (0.43, 7.81) 0.41 1.90 (0.45, 8.12)f 0.39
  Pelvic Inflammatory Disease 1.35 (0.41, 4.49) 0.62 1.34 (0.40, 4.45)f 0.64
  Vaginal discharge 0.68 (0.43, 1.09) 0.11 0.67 (0.42, 1.08)f 0.10

aAdjusted for receipt of regular medical care and nationality.

bAdjusted for nationality.

cAdjusted for age, earnings, and regular medical care.

dC. Trachomatis, N. Gonorrhoea, T. vaginalis.

eHuman T-cell Lymphotropic Virus.

fAdjusted for presence of any cervicitis-causing STI.

gAdjusted for receipt of regular medical care.

Pollett et al.

Pollett et al. BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:195   doi:10.1186/1471-2334-13-195

Open Data