Table 1

Sociodemographic, behavioral and biological characteristics in FSW with and without cervicitisa
FSW with cervicitis (n= 99) FSW without cervicitis (n= 298) p-value
Age, median years (IQRb) 30 (24–38) 27 (23–33) 0.02
Age at initiation of sex work, median years (IQR) 22 (20–27) 22 (19–27) 0.32
Time in sex work, median months (IQR) 36 (10–132) 24 (6–72) 0.03
n % n %
Nationality 0.01
   Peruvian 90 90.9 228 76.5
   Other countriesc 9 9.1 70 23.5
Registration status 0.01
   Registered 40 40.4 102 34.2
   Unregistered 33 33.3 55 18.5
Place of work 0.07
   Legal brothel 40 65.6 178 77.1
   Otherd 21 34.4 53 22.9
Number of clients in last week 0.04
   None 35 36.1 101 35.7 Ref
   1 to 10 29 29.9 59 20.9 0.24
   11 to 20 19 19.6 35 12.4 0.19
   21 to 40 7 7.2 43 15.2 0.10
   > 40 7 7.2 45 15.9 0.08
Most frequent sexual practices with clients 0.42
   Vaginal 8 8.3 12 4.2 0.14
   Vaginal and oral 70 72.9 211 74.6 Ref
   Vaginal, oral and anal 18 18.8 59 20.9 0.78
Has a non-client sexual partner 65 34.3 170 57.8 0.17
Oral contraceptive pill use 19 80.8 52 17.7 0.74
Condom use with clients 0.21
   Always 75 78.0 234 83.0 Ref
   Between rarely and almost always 10 10.5 15 5.3 0.09
   Never 10 10.5 33 11.7 0.88
Sexually transmitted/genital tract infections
Syphilis 0 0.0 5 1.7 0.20
Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) 4 4.6 11 4.9 0.91
Neisseria gonorrhea (GC) 0 0.0 1 0.4 0.53
Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) 4 4.0 2 0.7 0.02
Human Papillomavirus (HPV) 48 48.5 140 47.0 0.80
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) 1 1.0 2 0.7 0.74
Human T-cell Lymphotropic Virus (HTLV) 3 3.0 5 1.7 0.41
Bacterial vaginosis 31 36.9 74 28.0 0.12
Candidiasis 7 7.1 19 6.5 0.83
Clinical diagnoses and syndromes
Vaginal discharge 48 50.0 151 59.5 0.11
Genital ulcer 0 0.0 3 1.0 0.32
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) 4 4.0 9 3.0 0.62

aNumbers may not sum to total n due to missing values.

bInter-quartile range.

cEcuador (n = 63), Colombia (n = 11), Dominican Republic (n = 3).

dIncluded clandestine brothels, bars, hostels, street and telephone.

Pollett et al.

Pollett et al. BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:195   doi:10.1186/1471-2334-13-195

Open Data