Varicella zoster virus infection presenting as isolated diplopia: a case report
1 Clinical Department, First Division, National Institute for Infectious Diseases “Lazzaro Spallanzani”, Via Portuense 292, 00149, Rome, Italy
2 Neuroscience Department, “San Camillo Forlanini” hospital, Rome, Italy
BMC Infectious Diseases 2013, 13:138 doi:10.1186/1471-2334-13-138Published: 15 March 2013
Involvement of trochlear nerve during Varicella Zoster Virus (VZV) Infection has been rarely described, and always in association with skin rash.
We describe the case of a patient with VZV infection presenting as isolated diplopia due to fourth cranial nerve palsy. The diagnosis has been obtained through the application of a standardized molecular diagnostic panel, and diplopia resolved after specific antiviral and corticosteroid therapy.
This case evidences that clinicians should be aware of atypical VZV infection, even in the absence of the typical skin rash.