Table 1

Characteristics of 33 VAP patients after ICU admission in a public hospital of northen Brazil
Characteristics Deceased (n = 26) Survivors (n = 7) p-value
Categorical variables, n (%)
 Gender, male 20 (76.9) 4 (57.1) 0.3122
 Cause of ICU admission
  Clinical 12 (46.2) 3 (42.9) 0.7859
  Surgical 14 (53.8) 4 (57.1)
  Comorbidities 16 (61.5) 1 (14.3) 0.0291*
 Glasgow < 9 18 (69.2) 4 (57.1) 0.8808
 Late-onset VAP 17 (65.4) 5 (71.4) 0.8808
 Previous pneumonia 9 (34.6) 1 (14.3) 0.5552
 Invasive procedures
  Nasogastric probe 25 (96.1) 7 (100) 0.5177
  Vesical probe 26 (100) 7 (100) 1.000
  Central vascular catheter 19 (73.1) 4 (57.1) 0.7285
  Hemodialysis 6 (23.1) 1 (14.3) 0.9874
  Tracheostomy 10 (38.5) 5 (71.4) 0.2590
  Prior IMV 10 (38.5) 1 (14.3) 0.4385
 Appropriate antibiotic therapy 6 (23.1) 4 (57.1) 0.2147
 Polymicrobial etiology 9 (34.6) 1 (14.3) 0.5552
 Transfusion of hemoderivatives ≥ 4 5 (19.2) 2 (28.6) 0.9874
 Previous use of antibiotics 25 (96.2) 7 (100) 0.5177
Continuous variable, median (interquartile range)
 Age (years) 59 (48.5 – 68.8) 33 (28 – 59) 0.2466
 Hospital stay (days) 30 (12.5 – 47.3) 48 (43 – 55.5) 0.0613
 Duration of IMV (days) 22 (11.3 – 44) 28 (24.5 – 30.5) 0.7916

IMV: invasive mechanical ventilation; VAP: ventilator-associated pneumonia; CVC: central venous catheter; ICU: intensive care unit. *p < 0.05.

Resende et al.

Resende et al. BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:119   doi:10.1186/1471-2334-13-119

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