Table 1

Baseline clinical features of children with malaria
Non-severe malaria Severe malaria Severe malaria & shock P
Age (months)a 30.2 (15.5-52.8) 32.5 (14.8-57.6) 31.9 (14.8-48.2) 0.726
Impaired perfusionb 31.4% (16/51) - 100% (154/154) <0.0001
Respiratory distressb - 71.2% (37/52) 83.1% (128/154) 0.049
Impaired consciousnessb - 36.5% (19/52) 71.4% (110/154) <0.0001
Comab - 9.6% (5/52) 20.8% (32/154) 0.067
Severe anaemiab - 11.8% (6/51) 34.7% (52/150) 0.002
Mortality (48 h) b - 0% (0/52) 6.5% (10/154) -
Endotoxaemia (EAA0.4) b 31.4% (16/51) 28.3% (15/52) 26.0% (40/154) 0.738
High endotoxaemia (EAA0.6) b 9.8% (5/51) 5.8% (3/52) 10.4% (16/154) 0.608

a Shown are median and in parenthesis 25th and 75th percentile. For comparison of difference in age between groups, Kruskal-Wallis H test was used.

b Percentage of children presenting with syndrome and in parenthesis the number of children presenting with a syndrome over the total number of children in that group. For comparison of the proportion of children presenting with a given syndrome, Pearson χ2 was used.

Olupot-Olupot et al.

Olupot-Olupot et al. BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:117   doi:10.1186/1471-2334-13-117

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