Table 5

Logistic regression analysis of predictors of T. gondii infection in women of child-bearing age
Variable  Category IgG Positive/  Univariate Multivariate
 Total (%)  OR (95% CI)  OR (95% CI)  P
Study areas Ambo 64/93 (68.8) reference reference -
Addis Ababa 15/150 (76.7) 1.49 (0.83, 2.66) 2.42 (0.96, 6.06) 0.060
Metehara 54/60 (90.0) 4.08 (1.58, 10.55) 2.85 (0.89, 9.16) 0.078
Debre-Zeit 113/122 (92.6) 5.69 (2.54, 12.77) 4.46 (1.67, 11.89) 0.003
Age 15 – 20 132/180 (73.3) reference reference -
(years) 21 – 25 110/130 (84.6) 2.0 (1.12, 3.57) 1.22 (0.62, 2.39) 0.566
≥26 104/115 (90.4) 3.4 (1.70, 6.95) 1.79 (0.80, 4.00) 0.153
Residential place Urban 244/305 (80.0) reference
Rural 102/120 (85.0) 1.42 (0.80, 2.52)
Monthly income High 27/33 (81.8) reference reference -
Medium 28/36 (77.8) 1.29 (0.39, 4.20) 1.07 (0.29, 3.94) 0.913
Low 291/356 (81.7) 1.00 (0.40, 2.53) 1.24 (0.43, 3.60) 0.690
Education Tertiary 54/67 (80.6) reference reference -
Secondary 90/115 (78.3) 1.15 (0.55, 2.44) 1.58 (0.66, 3.75) 0.303
Primary 130/162 (80.3) 1.02 (0.50, 2.10) 1.46 (0.62, 3.44) 0.389
Illiterate 72/81 (89.0) 1.93 (0.77, 4.83) 1.93 (0.61, 6.15) 0.266
Pregnancy No 162/212 (76.4) reference reference -
Yes 184/213 (86.4) 1.96 (1.18, 3.24) 2.01 (1.13, 3.59) 0.018
House floor Cemented 199/252 (79.0) reference reference -
Soil 147/173 (85.0) 1.51 (0.90, 2.52) 1.25 (0.64, 2.45) 0.516
Raw meat consumption No 204/248 (82.3) reference reference -
Yes 142/177 (80.2) 1.14 (0.70, 1.87) 1.13 (0.59, 2.18) 0.713
Hand washing after handling raw meat Yes 319/389 (82.0) reference reference -
N0 27/36 (75.0) 1.52 (0.68, 3.37) 1.31 (0.52, 3.31) 0.573
Raw vegetable consumption No 298/364 (81.9) reference reference -
Yes 150/171 (87.7) 2.11 (1.23, 3.64) 2.21 (1.03, 4.78) 0.043
Raw milk consumption No 196/254 (77.2) reference reference -
Yes 48/61 (78.7) 1.22 (0.63, 2.39) 1.31 (0.59, 2.90) 0.507
Source of water Tap 160/212 (75.5) reference reference -
Well + river 186/213 (87.3) 2.24 (1.34, 3.73) 1.99 (0.80, 4.90) 0.137
Exposure with soil No 86/105 (81.9) reference reference -
Yes 260/320 (81.3) 1.05 (0.59, 1.85) 1.10 (0.53, 2.29) 0.795
Cat at home No 127/167 (76.1) reference
Yes 219/258 (84.9) 1.77 (1.08, 2.89)
Contact with cat No 130/170 (76.5) reference reference -
Yes 216/255 (84.7) 1.70 (1.04, 2.79) 1.12 (0.57, 2.21) 0.746
Precaution Yes 120/129 (93.0) reference
No 104/136 (76.5) 4.10 (1.87, 8.99)
HIV status Negative 247/313 (78.9) reference reference -
Positive 99/112 (88.4) 2.03 (1.07, 3.85) 1.47 (0.69, 3.14) 0.316

Key to Abbreviation: Tap = unboiled tap water; Well + river = unboiled well and river water; precaution = precaution while cat feces cleaning.

Gebremedhin et al.

Gebremedhin et al. BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:101   doi:10.1186/1471-2334-13-101

Open Data