Table 2

Logistic regression analysis of risk factors for fungal infection
Variables Urinary tract infection Blood stream infection Pneumonia Surgical site infection All infection sites
OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Age (>65 years) 0.90 0.54-1.50 0.70 0.30-1.34 1.45 0.58-3.62 0.58 0.23-1.48 0.94 0.64-1.40
Gender (male) 0.78 0.48-1.27 0.77 0.41-1.45 1.78 0.69-4.62 1.03 0.38-2.79 0.95 0.65-1.40
Service (surgical) 1.52 0.92-2.51 1.62 0.81-3.23 3.46* 1.44-8.28 11.79* 2.49-55.74 1.89* 1.27-2.80
APACHE II score 1.01 0.98-1.04 1.06* 1.02-1.11 1.03 0.97-1.09 0.99 0.93-1.06 1.01 0.99-1.04
ICU stay before infection(days) 0.98 0.95-1.01 1.00 0.97-1.03 1.01 0.99-1.03 0.99 0.95-1.04 1.00 0.98-1.02
antibiotic therapy 0.82 0.47-1.42 0.64 0.31-1.32 0.60 0.23-1.60 1.42 0.52-3.87 0.87 0.57-1.31
TPN 3.51* 1.69-7.31 8.47* 4.07-17.63 8.07* 3.24-20.13 8.82* 3.27-23.81 4.83* 2.80-8.34
Neoplasms 0.88 0.46-1.69 0.81 0.33-1.98 1.13 0.36-3.51 1.59 0.44-5.79 0.96 0.57-1.61
Respiratory system 0.90 0.43-1.88 0.60 0.18-2.03 1.06 0.26-4.33 0.79 0.42-1.47
Digestive system 1.03 0.53-2.01 1.21 0.51-2.88 1.84 0.60-5.60 2.61 0.78-8.72 1.32 0.80-2.19
Genitourinary system 0.76 0.32-1.81 1.00 0.32-3.11 1.20 0.30-4.79 0.72 0.36-1.44
Sepsis 1.60 0.56-4.57 5.26* 1.70-16.27 3.18 0.53-18.98 2.89 0.22-37.77 2.71* 1.24-5.92
Central line 2.63 0.61-11.24 0.90 0.20-3.99 0.51 0.11-2.46 6.80 1.21 0.50-2.92
Mechanical ventilator 2.85* 1.73-4.69 1.71 0.89-3.26 1.67 0.76-3.69 1.45 0.53-3.98 2.05* 1.40-2.99
Hemodialysis 0.70 0.36-1.37 0.72 0.29-1.80 1.67 0.62-4.47 3.08 0.87-10.81 1.21 0.74-1.98
Foley catheter 1.64* 1.01-2.67 1.02 0.56-1.88 2.00 0.92-4.35 0.92 0.37-2.33 1.52* 1.06-2.20
Wound drainage 0.76 0.29-2.02 1.52 0.56-4.12 0.15 0.02-1.43 1.01 0.29-3.55 0.96 0.49-1.88

OR, Odds Ratio; CI, Confidence interval; APACHE, Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation;

TPN, Total Parenteral Nutrition.

*: P value < 0.05; —: too few case numbers to calculate.

Yang et al.

Yang et al. BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:10   doi:10.1186/1471-2334-13-10

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